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1926-09-29

{"uz":"{\"uz\":\"\\n\\n\\n

Payariq tumani Samarqand viloyatidagi tuman. 1926 yil 29 sentyabrda tashkil\\netilgan (markazi Chelak qishlog'i bo\\u2019lgan, 1953 yil Payariq tumanining bir\\nqismidan Narimonov tumani tuzilgan. 1959 yilda
\\nNarimonov tumani Payariq tumaniga qo'shilgan (markazi Narimonov qishlog'i).\\n1991 yilda Payariq tumanidan Chelak tumani ajralib chiqqan.<\\\/span> <\\\/span>2001 yilda yana Payariq tumani, bilan Chelak tumanlari birlashtirilib, ular\\nnegizida Payariq tumani tashkil qilindi (markazi Payariq shahri). Payariq\\ntumani o'rtacha 610 m<\\\/st1:metricconverter>\\nbalandlikda. Shimoliy-g'arbdan viloyatning Qo\\u2019shrabot, g\\u2019arbdan Ishtixon,\\njanubdan Oqdaryo va Jomboy tumanlari, shimoldan Jizzax viloyatining Forish,\\nshimoliy-sharqdan G'allaorol tumanlari bilan chegaradosh. Maydoni 1,29 ming km2<\\\/sup>.\\nAholisi 182,9 ming kishi (2003). Tumanda 2 shahar (Payariq, Chelak), 6 qishloq\\nfuqarolari yig'ini (Guliston, Ko'kdala, Ko\\u2019lto'sin, Sanoat, Choshtepa, Qorasuv)\\nbor.Tuman markazi \\u2014 Payariq shahri.<\\\/span> <\\\/span>Tabiati. <\\\/span>Tuman hududi Nurota tog' tizmalarining janubida\\njoylashgan. Rel<\\\/span>\\u2019<\\\/span>efi shimolda tog'lar, adirlar, tog' oralig'i botiqlari, janubiy qismi tekislikdan\\niborat. Tuproqlari, asosan, och bo'z tuproq, tog' etaklarida to\\u2019q bo'z tuproq,\\njigarrang va qo'ng\\u2019ir tog\\u2019-o'rmon tuproqlari.<\\\/span> <\\\/span>Yovvoyi o'simliklardan shuvoq-sho'ra aralash efemerlar,\\nbug'doyiq va tog\\u2019-chalacho'l o'simliklari o'sadi.<\\\/span> <\\\/span>Yovvoyi hayvonlardan bo'ri, tulki, chiyabo'ri, quyon,\\njayran, jayra, gekkon kaltakesagi, toshbaqa, sariq ilon, echkemar, ko'rsichqon,\\ntipratikan, kalamush, qushlardan so'fito'rg'ay, chumchuq, chug'urchiq, zarg'aldoq\\nva boshqalar uchraydi. Iqlimi keskin kontinental. <\\\/span>Yillik o'rtaca t-ra 13,4 gradus, yanvarning o'rtacha t-rasi \\u20141,2 gradus\\niyulniki 27\\u00b0. Eng yuqori t-ra 4-5 gradus, eng past t-ra \\u201428\\u00b0. Vegetasiya davri 196\\nkun. Yillik o'rtacha yog'in 312\\n mm<\\\/st1:metricconverter>, asosan, qishda va bahorda yog'adi. Tog'lardan oqib tushadigan\\nmayda soylar bahor oylarida Sag'anoqsoyga borib quyiladi. Janubiy tekislik\\nqismidan Zarafshon daryosining irmoqlari \\u2014 Qorasuv va boshqa mayda soylar oqib o'tadi.\\nEkinlarni sug'orishda Zarafshon va boshqa daryo hamda soylardan foydalaniladi.<\\\/span> <\\\/span>Aholisi, asosan, o\\u2019zbeklar, shuningdek, turkman,\\nqozoq, tojik, rus, tatar va boshqa millat vakillari ham yashaydi. <\\\/span>Aholining o'rtacha zichligi 1\\n km<\\\/st1:metricconverter>2<\\\/sup> ga 142 kishi.<\\\/span> <\\\/span>Xo'jaligi. <\\\/span>Tumanda paxtachilik bilan birga\\ndon yetishtirish va chorvachilik muhim tarmoqlardan hisoblanadi. Tumanda\\n\\u00abBaltimor\\u00bb Rossiya \\u2014 Amerika qo\\u2019shma korxonasida konserva, kompot, tomat\\nmahsulotlari ishlab chiqariladi. Qurilish oziq-ovqat sanoati korxonalari\\nmavjud. Paxta tozalash, g\\u2019isht zavodlari bor. Kichik, xususiy korxonalar\\nfaoliyat ko\\u2019rsatadi. Tumanda shirkat, fermer xo'jaliklari mavjud.<\\\/span> <\\\/span>Qishloq xo\\u2019jaligida foydalaniladigan yerlarga paxta,\\ndon, kartoshka<\\\/span>,<\\\/span> sabzavot va poliz, yem-xashak ekinlari ekiladi. Mevazor, tokzor va tutzorlar\\nbor.<\\\/span>\\n<\\\/span>Tuman xo'jaliklarida qoramol, qo'y va echki boqiladi. Payariq\\ntumanida 98 umumiy ta'lim maktabi, 2 musiqa, 3 sport, 1 futbol maktablari, 2 adabiyot\\nva til markazi, Chelak sanoat-transport, Payariq, Al Buxoriy qishloq xo\\u2019jalik\\nkollejlari mavjud. Markaziy kutubxona va uning 61 tarmog'i, 2 bolalar, 1 maxsus\\nkutubxona, markaziy madaniyat uyi, shahar, 24 qishloq madaniyat uylari, 3\\navtoklub, xalq teatri ishlab turibdi.<\\\/span> <\\\/span>Tumandagi markaziy kasalxona va uning Chelak, N.Azizov. Oxunboboyev, Navoiy,\\nOqqo\\u2019rg'on, Ko\\u2019lto\\u2019sin hududiy bo'limlari, 2 tez tibbiy yordam bo'limi (jami\\n565 davolash o'rni), 2 poliklinika, 30 qishloq vrachlik punkti, 47 fel\\u2019dsher \\u2013\\nakusherlik punktida 284 vrach, 1825 o\\u2019rta va kichik tibbiy xodim ishlaydi. Tuman\\nhududidan Samarqand - Payariq\\u2014 Qo'shrabot yo'llari orqali Navoiy, Jizzax\\nviloyatiga, Samarqand \\u2014 Chelak \\u2014 Mitan orqali Qo\\u2019shrabot tumani hamda Navoiy\\nviloyati yo'nalishi bo'yicha avtobuslar qatnaydi.<\\\/span> <\\\/span>Tumamdagi tarixiy va me'moriy yodgorliklar ichida eng\\nyirigi Imom<\\\/span>\\n<\\\/span>al-Buxoriy yodgorlik majmuidir (Buxoriy yodgorlik\\nmajmui). Payariq shahrining shimoliy qismidaTohir shayx maqbarasi va masjidi bor. Chelaktepa, Sho'rtepa,\\nUchtepa, Yigirmatepa, Ernazartepa. Qorovultepa. Moylitepa, Yo'ltepa kabi\\ntepaliklar saqlanib qolingan.<\\\/span><\\\/p>\\n\\n<\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/sup><\/st1:metricconverter><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/st1:metricconverter><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/sup><\/st1:metricconverter><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/p>

Ma\\u2019lumot: O\\u2019zbekiston milliy ensiklopediyasi. \\u201cO\\u2019zbekiston milliy\\nensiklopediyasi\\u201d. T.200<\\\/span>3<\\\/span>.<\\\/span><\\\/p>\",\"uzc\":\"\\n\\n\\n<\/span><\/span><\/span><\/p>

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\\u0442\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d\\u0438\\u043d\\u0438\\u043d\\u0433\\n\\u0431\\u0438\\u0440 <\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0438\\u0441\\u043c\\u0438\\u0434\\u0430\\u043d\\n\\u041d\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438\\u043c\\u043e\\u043d\\u043e\\u0432 \\u0442\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d\\u0438 \\u0442\\u0443\\u0437\\u0438\\u043b\\u0433\\u0430\\u043d. 1959 \\u0439\\u0438\\u043b\\u0434\\u0430<\\\/span><\\\/span> <\\\/span>\\u041d\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438\\u043c\\u043e\\u043d\\u043e\\u0432 \\u0442\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d\\u0438 \\u041f\\u0430\\u0439\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span> \\u0442\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d\\u0438\\u0433\\u0430 <\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u045e\\u0448\\u0438\\u043b\\u0433\\u0430\\u043d\\n(\\u043c\\u0430\\u0440\\u043a\\u0430\\u0437\\u0438 \\u041d\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438\\u043c\\u043e\\u043d\\u043e\\u0432 <\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0438\\u0448\\u043b\\u043e<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0493<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0438). 1991 \\u0439\\u0438\\u043b\\u0434\\u0430\\n\\u041f\\u0430\\u0439\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span> \\u0442\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d\\u0438\\u0434\\u0430\\u043d\\n\\u0427\\u0435\\u043b\\u0430\\u043a \\u0442\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d\\u0438 \\u0430\\u0436\\u0440\\u0430\\u043b\\u0438\\u0431 \\u0447\\u0438<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0430\\u043d.<\\\/span><\\\/span> <\\\/span>2001 \\u0439\\u0438\\u043b\\u0434\\u0430 \\u044f\\u043d\\u0430 \\u041f\\u0430\\u0439\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span> \\u0442\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d\\u0438, \\u0431\\u0438\\u043b\\u0430\\u043d \\u0427\\u0435\\u043b\\u0430\\u043a \\u0442\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d\\u043b\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438 \\u0431\\u0438\\u0440\\u043b\\u0430\\u0448\\u0442\\u0438\\u0440\\u0438\\u043b\\u0438\\u0431, \\u0443\\u043b\\u0430\\u0440 \\u043d\\u0435\\u0433\\u0438\\u0437\\u0438\\u0434\\u0430 \\u041f\\u0430\\u0439\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span> \\u0442\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d\\u0438 \\u0442\\u0430\\u0448\\u043a\\u0438\\u043b <\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0438\\u043b\\u0438\\u043d\\u0434\\u0438 (\\u043c\\u0430\\u0440\\u043a\\u0430\\u0437\\u0438 \\u041f\\u0430\\u0439\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span> \\u0448\\u0430<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u04b3<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0440\\u0438). \\u041f\\u0430\\u0439\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span> \\u0442\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d\\u0438 \\u045e\\u0440\\u0442\\u0430\\u0447\\u0430 610 \\u043c<\\\/st1:metricconverter>\\n\\u0431\\u0430\\u043b\\u0430\\u043d\\u0434\\u043b\\u0438\\u043a\\u0434\\u0430. \\u0428\\u0438\\u043c\\u043e\\u043b\\u0438\\u0439-<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0493<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0430\\u0440\\u0431\\u0434\\u0430\\u043d \\u0432\\u0438\\u043b\\u043e\\u044f\\u0442\\u043d\\u0438\\u043d\\u0433 <\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049a<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u045e\\u0448\\u0440\\u0430\\u0431\\u043e\\u0442, <\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0493<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0430\\u0440\\u0431\\u0434\\u0430\\u043d\\n\\u0418\\u0448\\u0442\\u0438x\\u043e\\u043d, \\u0436\\u0430\\u043d\\u0443\\u0431\\u0434\\u0430\\u043d \\u041e<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0434\\u0430\\u0440\\u0451 \\u0432\\u0430 \\u0416\\u043e\\u043c\\u0431\\u043e\\u0439 \\u0442\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d\\u043b\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438, \\u0448\\u0438\\u043c\\u043e\\u043b\\u0434\\u0430\\u043d \\u0416\\u0438\\u0437\\u0437\\u0430x \\u0432\\u0438\\u043b\\u043e\\u044f\\u0442\\u0438\\u043d\\u0438\\u043d\\u0433 \\u0424\\u043e\\u0440\\u0438\\u0448,\\n\\u0448\\u0438\\u043c\\u043e\\u043b\\u0438\\u0439-\\u0448\\u0430\\u0440<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0434\\u0430\\u043d <\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0492<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0430\\u043b\\u043b\\u0430\\u043e\\u0440\\u043e\\u043b \\u0442\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d\\u043b\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438 \\u0431\\u0438\\u043b\\u0430\\u043d \\u0447\\u0435\\u0433\\u0430\\u0440\\u0430\\u0434\\u043e\\u0448. <\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u041c\\u0430\\u0439\\u0434\\u043e\\u043d\\u0438 1,29 \\u043c\\u0438\\u043d\\u0433 \\u043a\\u043c2<\\\/sup>. \\u0410<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u04b3<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u043e\\u043b\\u0438\\u0441\\u0438 182,9 \\u043c\\u0438\\u043d\\u0433 \\u043a\\u0438\\u0448\\u0438 (2003). \\u0422\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d\\u0434\\u0430 2 \\u0448\\u0430<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u04b3<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0430\\u0440 (\\u041f\\u0430<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0439\\u0430<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0440\\u0438<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span>, \\u0427\\u0435\\u043b\\u0430\\u043a), 6 <\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0438\\u0448\\u043b\\u043e<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span> \\u0444\\u0443<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0430\\u0440\\u043e\\u043b\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438 \\u0439\\u0438<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0493<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0438\\u043d\\u0438 (\\u0413\\u0443\\u043b\\u0438\\u0441\\u0442\\u043e\\u043d, \\u041a\\u045e\\u043a\\u0434\\u0430\\u043b\\u0430, \\u041a<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u045e<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u043b\\u0442\\u045e\\u0441\\u0438\\u043d, \\u0421\\u0430\\u043d\\u043e\\u0430\\u0442, \\u0427\\u043e\\u0448\\u0442\\u0435\\u043f\\u0430, <\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049a<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u043e\\u0440\\u0430\\u0441\\u0443\\u0432) \\u0431\\u043e\\u0440.\\u0422\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d \\u043c\\u0430\\u0440\\u043a\\u0430\\u0437\\u0438 \\u2014 \\u041f\\u0430<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0439\\u0430<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0440\\u0438<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span> \\u0448\\u0430<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u04b3<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0440\\u0438.<\\\/span><\\\/span> <\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0422\\u0430\\u0431\\u0438\\u0430\\u0442\\u0438. \\u0422\\u0443\\u043c\\u0430\\u043d <\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u04b3<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0443\\u0434\\u0443\\u0434\\u0438 \\u041d\\u0443\\u0440\\u043e\\u0442\\u0430 \\u0442\\u043e<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0493<\\\/span><\\\/span> \\u0442\\u0438\\u0437\\u043c\\u0430\\u043b\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438\\u043d\\u0438\\u043d\\u0433 \\u0436\\u0430\\u043d\\u0443\\u0431\\u0438\\u0434\\u0430 \\u0436\\u043e\\u0439\\u043b\\u0430\\u0448\\u0433\\u0430\\u043d. \\u0420\\u0435\\u043b<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u044c<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0435\\u0444\\u0438 \\u0448\\u0438\\u043c\\u043e\\u043b\\u0434\\u0430 \\u0442\\u043e<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0493<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u043b\\u0430\\u0440, \\u0430\\u0434\\u0438\\u0440\\u043b\\u0430\\u0440, \\u0442\\u043e<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0493<\\\/span><\\\/span> \\u043e\\u0440\\u0430\\u043b\\u0438<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0493<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0438 \\u0431\\u043e\\u0442\\u0438<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u043b\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438, \\u0436\\u0430\\u043d\\u0443\\u0431\\u0438\\u0439 <\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0438\\u0441\\u043c\\u0438 \\u0442\\u0435\\u043a\\u0438\\u0441\\u043b\\u0438\\u043a\\u0434\\u0430\\u043d \\u0438\\u0431\\u043e\\u0440\\u0430\\u0442. \\u0422\\u0443\\u043f\\u0440\\u043e<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u043b\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438, \\u0430\\u0441\\u043e\\u0441\\u0430\\u043d, \\u043e\\u0447 \\u0431\\u045e\\u0437 \\u0442\\u0443\\u043f\\u0440\\u043e<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span>, \\u0442\\u043e<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u0493<\\\/span><\\\/span> \\u044d\\u0442\\u0430\\u043a\\u043b\\u0430\\u0440\\u0438\\u0434\\u0430 \\u0442<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u045e<\\\/span><\\\/span>\\u049b<\\\/span><\\\/span> \\u0431\\u045e\\u0437 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