SHAXSIY KABINETGA KIRISH
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SSENARIYLAR
 Barcha ssenariylar
ARXIV
Sentabr 2019
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Mirzo Ulug’bek haykali va muzeyining ochilish marosimi bo’lib o’tdi
2010-09-13

{"uz":"

\n1394 yil 23 martida Sultoniya shahrida bobosi Amir Temur yurishida\nqatnashish sharafiga muyassar bo\u2019lgan chaqalok tug\u2019ildi. U Shohrux Mirzoning\nto\u2019ng\u2019ich o\u2019g\u2019li bo\u2019lib bobosi unga Muhammad Tarag\u2019ay deb ism qo\u2019ydi. Uni\nkeyinchalik Ulug\u2019bek deb atay boshladilar. 1405 yil bobosi Amir Temur vafot\netgach, Samarqand taxti 1409 yilda Ulug\u2019bekka nasib etdi. Ulug\u2019bekning bolalik\nyillari Amir Temurning harbiy yurishlarida o\u2019tdi. 1405 yilning boshida Xitoyga\nqilinayotgan yurish boshlanishi paytida Temur vafot etadi. Uning o\u2019limidan\nso\u2019ng to\u2019rt yil davomida farzandlari o\u2019rtasida taxt uchun kurash davom etadi.\nOtasi Shoxrux Mirzo mamlakatning notinch qismi Xirotni poytaxt etib, ko\u2019chib\nketdi. Ulug\u2019bek 17 yoshida hokim bo\u2019lib, bobosidan qat'iy o\u2019laroq toj-taxt\nuchun kurashmadi. U hokimiyatni boshqarar ekan, ilm-fanni taraqqiy ettirdi,\nmadrasalar qurib, ilm arboblariga homiylik qildi. 40 yil davomida odil shoh,\nbuyuk matematik, astronom degan ulug\u2019 nomlarga sazovar bo\u2019ldi. Observatoriya\nqurib, yulduzlarni tekshirdi, sxemasini tuzdi \u00abZiji Kuragoniy\u00bb nomli yulduzlar\nxaritasini tuzib, kelajak avlodlarga buyuk me'ros qilib qoldirdi. Ulug\u2019bekning\nustozi sifatida munajjim Mavlono Ahmad ekanligini tahmin qilish mumkin. U Temur\nsaroyidagi eng yirik olim bo\u2019lib, sayyoralarning kelajak ikki yuz yillik\ntaqvimlari jadvallarini tuzgan. Lekin Ulug\u2019bek o\u2019zining Ziji Kuragoniy asarida\nustozi sifatida Qozizoda Rumiyni tilga oladi. Ulug\u2019bek yoshligidanoq Mavlono\nAhmad va Qozizoda Rumiy ta'sirida ulg\u2019ayadi. Shuning uchun Ulug\u2019bek yigirma\nyoshidayoq yirik olim sifatida taniladi. Olim ilmga bo\u2019lgan alohida ehtiromi\ntufayli yangi usuldagi bilim maskanlari - maktab va madrasalar barpo qildi. Bir\nvaqtning o\u2019zida Buxoro va G\u2019ijduvonda, Samarqandda uchta madrasa ochadi.\nSamarqanddagi madrasa qurilishi 1417 yili boshlanib, uch yilda qurilish\nbitiriladi. Tez orada bu madrasa mudarris va olimlarni to\u2019play boshlaydi. Ular\norasida adiblar, muarrixlar, xattotlar, rassomlar, me'morlar bor edi. Ular\ndavrasida Qozizoda va Koshiy eng salobatli va nufuzli edilar. Samarqand\nmadrasasining ochilishi marosimi 1420 yilda bo\u2019ladi. Mirzo Ulug\u2019bek madrasasi\nSharq ilm-fani va madaniyati tarixida katta voqyea bo\u2019ldi. Abdurahmon Jomiy ham\ndastlabki tahsilni ana shu madrasada oladi. Ushbu ilm maskanida alohida e'tibor\nberiladigan ilmlar falakkiyotga oid fanlar edi. 1424 yili yulduzlar haqida\nasralar yozish, umuman yulduzlarni tadqiq etish uchun rasadxona qurilishi\nboshlanadi va u 1429 yilda qurib bitiriladi. Ulug\u2019bek yirik olim bo\u2019lishiga\nqaramasdan to\u2019rttagina ilmiy asar yozib qoldiradi. Uning ko\u2019p vaqti davlat\nishlari bilan bog\u2019liq masalalarga sarflanar edi. Ulug\u2019bek qalamiga mansub eng\nmashhur asar \u201cZiji Jadidi Ko\u2019ragoniy\u201ddir. Riyoziyotga mansub \u201cBir daraja\nsinusini aniqlash haqida risola\u201d, yulduzlarga bag\u2019ishlangan \u201cRisolai Ulug\u2019bek\u201d\nasari ham mavjud. Bu asarning yagona nushasi Hindistonning Aligarh universiteti\nkutubxonasida saqlanadi. Uning tarixga oid \u201cTarixi arba' ulus\u201d asari ham mavjud\n(bu asarning o\u2019zbekcha tarjimasi 1990 yilda Toshkentda chop etildi).\nUlug\u2019bekning \u201cZiji Ko\u2019ragoniy\u201d asari VIII-IX asrlarda boshlangan falakiyot\nan'anasini davom ettirsada, ularga nisbatan ilmiy saviyasi ancha yuqori\nekanligi bilan ajralib turadi. Toj- taxt, boylik uchun xirs-xavas so\u2019nmas\nyulduz atrofini qora bulutlar bilan to\u2019sdi. O\u2019g\u2019li Abdulatifning kaltafahmligi\nnatijasida Ulug\u2019bek 1449 yili 27 oktyabrida fojiali halok bo\u2019ladi. Lekin\npadarkush Abdullatifni ham olti oyga bormay o\u2019z navkarlari tomonidan\no\u2019ldiriladi. Ulug\u2019bekning ishlari so\u2019nmadi. Shogirdlari Ali Qushchi, Chalabiy\ntomonidan asarlari saqlab kolindi, ishlari poyoniga yetkazildi.Istambulda\nyashab ijod etgan Ali Qushchi xizmatlari natijasida Ulug\u2019bek va uning asarlari\nYevropaga tarqatildi. Uning ilmiy ishlari butun dunyoga tanildi, yoyildi.\n\u00abZiji\u00bb va \u00abTo\u2019rt ulus tarixi\u00bb asarlaridan butun dunyo ilm ahli bahramand\nbo\u2019lmoqda. Ulug\u2019bek katta hayotiy tajriba bilan \u00abPodsholiklar yemiriladi, din\ntumandek tarqalib ketadi, olimu-fuzalolar ishi abadul- abaddir\u00bb, degan nodir\nfikrlarni qoldirdi. Ulug\u2019bek tavalludining 600 yilligi 1994 yil aprelda\nParijda, oktyabr oyida Toshkent va Samarqandda tantanali ravishda nishonlandi\nva xalqaro konferensiyalar o\u2019tkazildi. Shu yili Toshkentda Ulug\u2019bekka haykal <\/span>o\u2019<\/span>rnatildi<\/span>. <\/span>\n<\/p>","uzc":"\n1394 \u0439\u0438\u043b 23 \u043c\u0430\u0440\u0442\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0421\u0443\u043b\u0442\u043e\u043d\u0438\u044f \u0448\u0430<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0440\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0431\u043e\u0431\u043e\u0441\u0438 \u0410\u043c\u0438\u0440 \u0422\u0435\u043c\u0443\u0440\n\u044e\u0440\u0438\u0448\u0438\u0434\u0430 <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0430\u0442\u043d\u0430\u0448\u0438\u0448 \u0448\u0430\u0440\u0430\u0444\u0438\u0433\u0430 \u043c\u0443\u044f\u0441\u0441\u0430\u0440 \u0431\u045e\u043b\u0433\u0430\u043d \u0447\u0430<\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0430\u043b\u043e\u043a \u0442\u0443<\/span>\u0493<\/span>\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0438. \u0423 \u0428\u043e<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0440\u0443\u0445 \u041c\u0438\u0440\u0437\u043e\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0442\u045e\u043d<\/span>\u0493<\/span>\u0438\u0447 \u045e<\/span>\u0493<\/span>\u043b\u0438 \u0431\u045e\u043b\u0438\u0431 \u0431\u043e\u0431\u043e\u0441\u0438 \u0443\u043d\u0433\u0430 \u041c\u0443<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0430\u043c\u043c\u0430\u0434\n\u0422\u0430\u0440\u0430<\/span>\u0493<\/span>\u0430\u0439 \u0434\u0435\u0431 \u0438\u0441\u043c <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u045e\u0439\u0434\u0438. \u0423\u043d\u0438 \u043a\u0435\u0439\u0438\u043d\u0447\u0430\u043b\u0438\u043a \u0423\u043b\u0443<\/span>\u0493<\/span>\u0431\u0435\u043a \u0434\u0435\u0431 \u0430\u0442\u0430\u0439 \u0431\u043e\u0448\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438\u043b\u0430\u0440. 1405 \u0439\u0438\u043b \u0431\u043e\u0431\u043e\u0441\u0438 \u0410\u043c\u0438\u0440 \u0422\u0435\u043c\u0443\u0440\n\u0432\u0430\u0444\u043e\u0442 \u044d\u0442\u0433\u0430\u0447, \u0421\u0430\u043c\u0430\u0440<\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0430\u043d\u0434 \u0442\u0430\u0445\u0442\u0438 1409 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0430 \u0423\u043b\u0443<\/span>\u0493<\/span>\u0431\u0435\u043a\u043a\u0430 \u043d\u0430\u0441\u0438\u0431 \u044d\u0442\u0434\u0438. \u0423\u043b\u0443<\/span>\u0493<\/span>\u0431\u0435\u043a\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433\n\u0431\u043e\u043b\u0430\u043b\u0438\u043a \u0439\u0438\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u0410\u043c\u0438\u0440 \u0422\u0435\u043c\u0443\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 <\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0430\u0440\u0431\u0438\u0439 \u044e\u0440\u0438\u0448\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u045e\u0442\u0434\u0438. 1405\n\u0439\u0438\u043b\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0431\u043e\u0448\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0425\u0438\u0442\u043e\u0439\u0433\u0430 <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0438\u043b\u0438\u043d\u0430\u0451\u0442\u0433\u0430\u043d \u044e\u0440\u0438\u0448 \u0431\u043e\u0448\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0448\u0438\n\u043f\u0430\u0439\u0442\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0422\u0435\u043c\u0443\u0440 \u0432\u0430\u0444\u043e\u0442 \u044d\u0442\u0430\u0434\u0438. \u0423\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u045e\u043b\u0438\u043c\u0438\u0434\u0430\u043d \u0441\u045e\u043d\u0433 \u0442\u045e\u0440\u0442 \u0439\u0438\u043b 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<\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0430\u0442\u044a\u0438\u0439 \u045e\u043b\u0430\u0440\u043e<\/span>\u049b<\/span> \u0442\u043e\u0436-\u0442\u0430\u0445\u0442 \u0443\u0447\u0443\u043d \u043a\u0443\u0440\u0430\u0448\u043c\u0430\u0434\u0438. \u0423\n<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u043e\u043a\u0438\u043c\u0438\u044f\u0442\u043d\u0438 \u0431\u043e\u0448<\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0430\u0440\u0430\u0440 \u044d\u043a\u0430\u043d, \u0438\u043b\u043c-\u0444\u0430\u043d\u043d\u0438 \u0442\u0430\u0440\u0430<\/span>\u049b\u049b<\/span>\u0438\u0439 \u044d\u0442\u0442\u0438\u0440\u0434\u0438, \u043c\u0430\u0434\u0440\u0430\u0441\u0430\u043b\u0430\u0440 <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0443\u0440\u0438\u0431, \u0438\u043b\u043c\n\u0430\u0440\u0431\u043e\u0431\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0433\u0430 <\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u043e\u043c\u0438\u0439\u043b\u0438\u043a <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0438. <\/span>40 \u0439\u0438\u043b \u0434\u0430\u0432\u043e\u043c\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u043e\u0434\u0438\u043b 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Sayt “OPEN WEB” tomonidan tayyorlangan