SHAXSIY KABINETGA KIRISH
.
SSENARIYLAR
 Barcha ssenariylar
ARXIV
Oktabr 2022
YaDuSeChPaJuSh
      1
234578
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031     
Shvedsiyalik shoir Erik Aksel tavallud topgan kun
1864-07-20

{"uz":"

Erik Karlfed 1864 yili 20 iyul kuni Shvetsiya markazida joylashgan\ndalekarlia shahridagi Folkern qo`rg`onida tug`ilgan. Uning otasi Erik\nErsson  Karlfed mustaqil ravishda\no`rganib etishgan huquqshunos edi. Onasi qizlik ism-sharfi Anna Yansdotter\nshoirning otasiga turmushga chiqqanida beva edi.<\/font><\/span> <\/span>Shoirning\nilk ijodiy ishi \u201cYovvoyi tabiat va muhabbat haqida qo`shiqlar\u201d she`riy\nto`plamidagi asosiy mavzu Dalikarliadagi dehqonlar hayoti edi, ularda muallif\nqadimiy shvedlarga hos tilga <\/span> <\/span>murojat\nqilar ekan, bunda afsonalar ruhi barq urib turadi.<\/span> <\/span>Karlfed\n1916 Gerde Holm\u2013berg<\/span>  <\/span>ismli qizga\nuylangan. Shuni alohida takidlab o`tish joizki, gerde shoirdan yigirma yosh\nkichik<\/span>  <\/span>edi. Oilada 2 farzand tug`ilgan. <\/span>1931\nyilning 8 aprel kuni Karlfeld to`satdan vafot etadi. Oradan olti oy o`tgach,\nShvetsiya akademiyasi \u201cpoeziya uchun\u201d Erik Korlfeldtni adabiyot sohasidagi\nNobel mukofoti bilan taqdirlash haqida qaror qabul qiladi. <\/span>Akademiyaning\nbu qarori turli muhokamalar, norozililarni jkeltirib chiqardi. Chunki shoir\nolamdan o`tgan edi. Akademiklar bu qarashlar va etirozlarga quidagicha javob\nberishadi: \u201c<\/span>Agar nomzod ilk bor mukofotga\ntavsiya etilgan paytda  hali hayot\nbo`lsa, unga mukofotni berish  qoidalarga\nmos keladi<\/i>\u201d. Oqibatda mukofot<\/span> \n<\/span>shoirning oilasiga beriladi.<\/span><\/p>","uzc":"

\u042d\u0440\u0438\u043a \u041a\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0444\u0435\u0434 1864 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u0438 20 \u0438\u044e\u043b \u043a\u0443\u043d\u0438 \u0428\u0432\u0435\u0446\u0438\u044f \u043c\u0430\u0440\u043a\u0430\u0437\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0436\u043e\u0439\u043b\u0430\u0448\u0433\u0430\u043d \u0434\u0430\u043b\u0435\u043a\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0438\u0430 \u0448\u0430\u0445\u0440\u0438\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438\n\u0424\u043e\u043b\u043a\u0435\u0440\u043d \u049b\u045e\u0440\u0493\u043e\u043d\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0442\u0443\u0493\u0438\u043b\u0433\u0430\u043d. \u0423\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u043e\u0442\u0430\u0441\u0438 \u042d\u0440\u0438\u043a \u042d\u0440\u0441\u0441\u043e\u043d  \u041a\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0444\u0435\u0434 \u043c\u0443\u0441\u0442\u0430\u049b\u0438\u043b \u0440\u0430\u0432\u0438\u0448\u0434\u0430 \u045e\u0440\u0433\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0431 \u0435\u0442\u0438\u0448\u0433\u0430\u043d \u0445\u0443\u049b\u0443\u049b\u0448\u0443\u043d\u043e\u0441\n\u044d\u0434\u0438. \u041e\u043d\u0430\u0441\u0438 \u049b\u0438\u0437\u043b\u0438\u043a \u0438\u0441\u043c-\u0448\u0430\u0440\u0444\u0438 \u0410\u043d\u043d\u0430 \u042f\u043d\u0441\u0434\u043e\u0442\u0442\u0435\u0440 \u0448\u043e\u0438\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u043e\u0442\u0430\u0441\u0438\u0433\u0430 \u0442\u0443\u0440\u043c\u0443\u0448\u0433\u0430 \u0447\u0438\u049b\u049b\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0434\u0430\n\u0431\u0435\u0432\u0430 \u044d\u0434\u0438. \u0428\u043e\u0438\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0438\u043b\u043a \u0438\u0436\u043e\u0434\u0438\u0439 \u0438\u0448\u0438 \u201c\u0401\u0432\u0432\u043e\u0439\u0438 \u0442\u0430\u0431\u0438\u0430\u0442 \u0432\u0430 \u043c\u0443\u0445\u0430\u0431\u0431\u0430\u0442 \u0445\u0430\u049b\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u049b\u045e\u0448\u0438\u049b\u043b\u0430\u0440\u201d\n\u0448\u0435\u044c\u0440\u0438\u0439 \u0442\u045e\u043f\u043b\u0430\u043c\u0438\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438 \u0430\u0441\u043e\u0441\u0438\u0439 \u043c\u0430\u0432\u0437\u0443 \u0414\u0430\u043b\u0438\u043a\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0438\u0430\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438 \u0434\u0435\u0445\u049b\u043e\u043d\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u0445\u0430\u0451\u0442\u0438 \u044d\u0434\u0438, \u0443\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0434\u0430\n\u043c\u0443\u0430\u043b\u043b\u0438\u0444 \u049b\u0430\u0434\u0438\u043c\u0438\u0439 \u0448\u0432\u0435\u0434\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0433\u0430 \u0445\u043e\u0441 \u0442\u0438\u043b\u0433\u0430  \u043c\u0443\u0440\u043e\u0436\u0430\u0442\n\u049b\u0438\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u044d\u043a\u0430\u043d, \u0431\u0443\u043d\u0434\u0430 \u0430\u0444\u0441\u043e\u043d\u0430\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u0440\u0443\u0445\u0438 \u0431\u0430\u0440\u049b \u0443\u0440\u0438\u0431 \u0442\u0443\u0440\u0430\u0434\u0438. \u041a\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0444\u0435\u0434 1916 \u0413\u0435\u0440\u0434\u0435 \u040e\u043e\u043b\u043c -\u0431\u0435\u0440\u0433 \n\u0438\u0441\u043c\u043b\u0438 \u049b\u0438\u0437\u0433\u0430 \u0443\u0439\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0433\u0430\u043d. \u0428\u0443\u043d\u0438 \u0430\u043b\u043e\u0445\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0442\u0430\u043a\u0438\u0434\u043b\u0430\u0431 \u045e\u0442\u0438\u0448 \u0436\u043e\u0438\u0437\u043a\u0438, \u0433\u0435\u0440\u0434\u0435 \u0448\u043e\u0438\u0440\u0434\u0430\u043d\n\u0439\u0438\u0433\u0438\u0440\u043c\u0430 \u0451\u0448 \u043a\u0438\u0447\u0438\u043a  \u044d\u0434\u0438. \u041e\u0438\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0430 2 \u0444\u0430\u0440\u0437\u0430\u043d\u0434\n\u0442\u0443\u0493\u0438\u043b\u0433\u0430\u043d. 1931 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 8 \u0430\u043f\u0440\u0435\u043b \u043a\u0443\u043d\u0438\n\u041a\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0444\u0435\u043b\u0434 \u0442\u045e\u0441\u0430\u0442\u0434\u0430\u043d \u0432\u0430\u0444\u043e\u0442 \u044d\u0442\u0430\u0434\u0438. \u041e\u0440\u0430\u0434\u0430\u043d \u043e\u043b\u0442\u0438 \u043e\u0439 \u045e\u0442\u0433\u0430\u0447, \u0428\u0432\u0435\u0446\u0438\u044f \u0430\u043a\u0430\u0434\u0435\u043c\u0438\u044f\u0441\u0438 \u201c\u043f\u043e\u044d\u0437\u0438\u044f\n\u0443\u0447\u0443\u043d\u201d \u042d\u0440\u0438\u043a \u041a\u043e\u0440\u043b\u0444\u0435\u043b\u0434\u0442\u043d\u0438 \u0430\u0434\u0430\u0431\u0438\u0451\u0442 \u0441\u043e\u0445\u0430\u0441\u0438\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438 \u041d\u043e\u0431\u0435\u043b \u043c\u0443\u043a\u043e\u0444\u043e\u0442\u0438 \u0431\u0438\u043b\u0430\u043d \u0442\u0430\u049b\u0434\u0438\u0440\u043b\u0430\u0448 \u0445\u0430\u049b\u0438\u0434\u0430\n\u049b\u0430\u0440\u043e\u0440 \u049b\u0430\u0431\u0443\u043b \u049b\u0438\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438.\u0410\u043a\u0430\u0434\u0435\u043c\u0438\u044f\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0431\u0443 \u049b\u0430\u0440\u043e\u0440\u0438 \u0442\u0443\u0440\u043b\u0438 \u043c\u0443\u0445\u043e\u043a\u0430\u043c\u0430\u043b\u0430\u0440, \u043d\u043e\u0440\u043e\u0437\u0438\u043b\u0438\u043a\u043b\u0430\u0440\u043d\u0438 \u043a\u0435\u043b\u0442\u0438\u0440\u0438\u0431\n\u0447\u0438\u049b\u0430\u0440\u0434\u0438. \u0427\u0443\u043d\u043a\u0438 \u0448\u043e\u0438\u0440 \u043e\u043b\u0430\u043c\u0434\u0430\u043d \u045e\u0442\u0433\u0430\u043d \u044d\u0434\u0438. \u0410\u043a\u0430\u0434\u0435\u043c\u0438\u043a\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u0431\u0443 \u049b\u0430\u0440\u0430\u0448\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u0432\u0430 \u044d\u0442\u0438\u0440\u043e\u0437\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0433\u0430 \u049b\u0443\u0438\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438\u0447\u0430\n\u0436\u0430\u0432\u043e\u0431 \u0431\u0435\u0440\u0438\u0448\u0430\u0434\u0438: \u201c\u0410\u0433\u0430\u0440 \u043d\u043e\u043c\u0437\u043e\u0434 \u0438\u043b\u043a \u0431\u043e\u0440 \u043c\u0443\u043a\u043e\u0444\u043e\u0442\u0433\u0430 \u0442\u0430\u0432\u0441\u0438\u044f \u044d\u0442\u0438\u043b\u0433\u0430\u043d \u043f\u0430\u0439\u0442\u0434\u0430  \u0445\u0430\u043b\u0438 \u0445\u0430\u0451\u0442 \u0431\u045e\u043b\u0441\u0430, \u0443\u043d\u0433\u0430 \u043c\u0443\u043a\u043e\u0444\u043e\u0442\u043d\u0438 \u0431\u0435\u0440\u0438\u0448  \u049b\u043e\u0438\u0434\u0430\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0433\u0430 \u043c\u043e\u0441 \u043a\u0435\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438\u201d. \u041e\u049b\u0438\u0431\u0430\u0442\u0434\u0430 \u043c\u0443\u043a\u043e\u0444\u043e\u0442  \u0448\u043e\u0438\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u043e\u0438\u043b\u0430\u0441\u0438\u0433\u0430 \u0431\u0435\u0440\u0438\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438.<\/font><\/o:p><\/span><\/p>","ru":"{\"uz\":\"{\\\"uz\\\":\\\"\\\\n\\\\n\\\\n

Erik\\\\nKarlfeld 1864 yilning 20 iyul kuni Shvesiya markazida joylashgan Dalekarlia\\\\nshahridagi Folkern qo'rg'onida tug'ilgan. Uning otasi Erik Ersson Karlfeldt\\\\nmustaqil ravishda o'rganib etishgan huquqshunos edi. <\\\\\\\/span>Onasi,\\\\nqizlik ismsharifi Anna Yansdotter shoirning otasiga turmushga chiqqanida beva\\\\nedi. Erikning yoshligi gam-tashvish nima ekanini bilmay, markaziy Shvesiyanin\\\\nsokin qishloq tumanida kechadi. Hammasi Erikning Upsal universitetiga o'qishga\\\\nkirganidan kiyin boshlanadi. Uning otasi inqirozga uchraydi va oqibatda\\\\nTolfmansgordendagi xos hovlini sotishga majbur bo'ladi. Ko'p o'tmay esa vafot\\\\netadi. Karlfeldl endi yashashga pul topish uchun birovlarning bolalarini uyiga\\\\nborib o'qitar, bu jarayonda ko'p qiynalardi. Axir bir yoqda o'zi ham talaba\\\\nedi-da. Erik 1902 yilga kelibgina universitetni tamomlaydi. Bir yil mobaynida\\\\nmuallimlik qilgach, Stokgolmdagi Qishloq xo'jalik akademiyasida kutubxonachilik\\\\nqila boshlaydi. Shoirning ilk ijodiy ishi \\\\u00abYovvoyi tabiat va muhabbat haqida\\\\nqo'shiqlar\\\\u00bb she'riy to'plamidagi asosiy mavzu Dalekarliadagi dehqonlar hayoti\\\\nedi, ularda muallif qadimiy shvedlarga xos tilga murojaat qilar ekan, bunda\\\\nafsonalar ruhi barq urib turadi. Karlfeldt poeziyasi etnografiya jihatdan\\\\naniqlikka ega, lirik jihatdan chuqur va ruhiyati tomondan an'anaviy bo'lib,\\\\nuning she'rlarida oddiy kishilar hayoti, dehqonlarga xos yashash tarzi va\\\\nmadaniyatiga bo'lgan sog'inch hissini anglash mumkin. Bu xayot va madaniyat\\\\nShvesiyani sanoatlashtirish va jamiyat hayotida shaharlar o'rnining oshib\\\\nborishi bilan asta-sekin yo'qolib borayotgan edi. Shoirning \\\\u00abFridolinning\\\\nqo'shiqlari\\\\u00bb(1898) va \\\\u00abFridolinning lazzat bog'lari\\\\u00bb (1901) she'riy kitoblari\\\\nbir so'z bilan Fridolin nomli lirik qahramon nomi bilan atala boshladi.  <\\\\\\\/span><\\\\\\\/span>1904 yilda uni Shvesiya akademiyasiga a'zo etib saylashadi. Oradan uch yil\\\\no'tib, u adabiyot bo'yicha Nobel mukofoti qo'mitasining a'zosiga aylanadi. 1912\\\\nyilda Karlfeldt mazkur qo'mitaningdoimiy kotibi etib tayinlanadi. U bu\\\\nlavozimda ishlagan kezlarda bir necha bor mukofotga tavsiya qilingan, ammo qo'mitadagi\\\\nmavqei, akademiyadagi obro'sidan kelib chiqib, mukofotdan voz kechgan va bu\\\\nbilan u bunday ijodkorlardan sanoqlilarigina mansub bo'lgan toifaga kiradi.\\\\nKolaversa, shoir yaxshi bilardiki, uning ijodi Shvesiyadan tashqarida\\\\nko'pchilikka ma'lum emas va ayni shu holat kelgusida turli qarashlar va\\\\nmuhokamalarga sabab bo'lishi ham muqarrar edi. Karlfeldt nasrda ijod qilmagan\\\\nhisob. Uning bu janrda yozgan yagona ishi 1911 yilda vafot etgan shved shoiri\\\\nGustaf Fredingga yozilgan ta'ziyanoma edi. Darvoqe, 1930 yilda Sinkler Lyuisga\\\\nNobel mukofoti berilishi munosabati bilan bo'lib o'tgan marosimga ma'ruza ham\\\\nyozgan edi, bor-yo'g'i shu. Darvoqe, o'zi to'g'ri e'tirof etganidek, Karlfeldt\\\\nShvesiyada juda yuqori baholanishi barobarida mamlakat tashqarisida uning ijodi\\\\nyaxshi tarqalmagan edi. Bunga asosiy sabablardan biri, uning she'rlarini boshqa\\\\ntillarga ugirishning qiyinligida hamdir. <\\\\\\\/span><\\\\\\\/span> Karlfeldt 1916 yilda Gerde Xolm-berg\\\\nismli qizga uylangan. Shuni alohida ta'kidlab o'tish joizki, Gerde shoirdan\\\\nyigirma yosh kichik edi. Oilada ikki farzand tug'ilgan. 1931 yilning 8 aprel\\\\nkuni Karlfeldt to'satdan vafot etadi. Oradan olti oy o'tgach, Shvesiya\\\\nakademiyasi \\\\u00abpoeziyasi uchun\\\\u00bb Erik Karlfeldtni adabiyot sohasidagi Nobel\\\\nmukofoti bilan taqdirlash haqida qaror qabul qiladi. Akademiyaning bu qarori\\\\nturli muhokamalar, noroziliklarni keltirib chiqaradi. Chunki shoir olamdan\\\\no'tgan edi. Akademiklar bu qarashlar va e'tirozlarga quyidagicha javob\\\\nberishadi: <\\\\\\\/span><\\\\\\\/span>\\\\n\\\\u00abAgar nomzod ilk bor mukofotga tavsiya etilgan paytda hali hayot bo'lsa, unga\\\\nmukofotni berish haqida qaror qabul qilish mukofotni berish qoidalariga mos\\\\nkeladi\\\\u00bb. Oqibatda mukofot shoirning oilasiga beriladi. Shvesiya akademiyasi\\\\na'zosi Anders Esterling o'z ma'ruzasida shunday degan edi: \\\\u00abQo'l bilan\\\\nyasaladigan narsalar hali juda kam uchraydigan zamonlar haqida Karlfeldtning\\\\nmahorat bilan o'tkirlangan tilidan yangraydigan shvrlarida nihoyatda o'ziga xos\\\\njoziba bor, men aytardimki, bu O'ta yuqori ma<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u044b<\\\\\\\/span>naviyatga molik\\\\nahamiyat kasb etuvchi xodisadir.  <\\\\\\\/span><\\\\\\\/span>Amerikalik tarjimon Charlz Uorton Stork 1940 yilda o'z tadqiqotlari\\\\nxulosalarini shunday keltiradi: \\\\u00abKarlfeldtchalik zaminga va haqqa yaqin kelgan\\\\nboshqa shved shoiri yo'qdir. Uning nihoyatda yuqori ma'lumotliligini e'tirof\\\\netganim holda, uning doimiy mavzulari ona zamin va osmon haqida ekanini ham\\\\naytgim keladi\\\\u00bb. Mana shunaqa gaplar, ammo... Ammo yana bir haqiqat shundan\\\\niboratki, bugungi zamonda adabiyot olami Karlfeldtni unutib ko'ygandek. Chunki.\\\\nuning she'rlari Shvesiyadan tashqaridagi kitobxonga etib Kelgani yo'q, ularni\\\\no'qish va yuqoridagi go'zal ta'rif va tavsiflar omili bo'lgan asarlardan\\\\nbahramand bo'lishning imkoni yo'q Tanqidchilar ham uning ijodiga qariyb\\\\nmurojaat qilmaydilar.<\\\\\\\/span><\\\\\\\/p>\\\\n\\\\n<\\\/span><\\\/span><\\\/span><\\\/span><\\\/span><\\\/span><\\\/span><\\\/span><\\\/span><\\\/span><\\\/span><\\\/span><\\\/p><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/span><\/p>

 <\\\\\\\/o:p><\\\\\\\/span><\\\\\\\/p>\\\",\\\"uzc\\\":\\\"\\\\n\\\\n\\\\n<\\\/o:p><\\\/span><\\\/p><\/o:p><\/span><\/p>

\\\\u042d\\\\u0440\\\\u0438\\\\u043a\\\\n\\\\u041a\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u043b\\\\u0444\\\\u0435\\\\u043b\\\\u044c\\\\u0434 1864 \\\\u0439\\\\u0438\\\\u043b\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u043d\\\\u0433 20 \\\\u0438\\\\u044e\\\\u043b\\\\u044c \\\\u043a\\\\u0443\\\\u043d\\\\u0438 \\\\u0428\\\\u0432\\\\u0435\\\\u0446\\\\u0438\\\\u044f \\\\u043c\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u043a\\\\u0430\\\\u0437\\\\u0438\\\\u0434\\\\u0430 \\\\u0436\\\\u043e\\\\u0439\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0448\\\\u0433\\\\u0430\\\\u043d  <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0414\\\\u0430\\\\u043b\\\\u0435\\\\u043a\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u043b\\\\u0438\\\\u0430 \\\\u0448\\\\u0430<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b3<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0440\\\\u0438\\\\u0434\\\\u0430\\\\u0433\\\\u0438\\\\n\\\\u0424\\\\u043e\\\\u043b\\\\u044c\\\\u043a\\\\u0435\\\\u0440\\\\u043d <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u045e\\\\u0440<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0493<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043e\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u0434\\\\u0430 \\\\u0442\\\\u0443<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0493<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u043b\\\\u0433\\\\u0430\\\\u043d. \\\\u0423\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u043d\\\\u0433 \\\\u043e\\\\u0442\\\\u0430\\\\u0441\\\\u0438 \\\\u042d\\\\u0440\\\\u0438\\\\u043a \\\\u042d\\\\u0440\\\\u0441\\\\u0441\\\\u043e\\\\u043d \\\\u041a\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u043b\\\\u044c\\\\u0444\\\\u0435\\\\u043b\\\\u044c\\\\u0434\\\\u0442 \\\\u043c\\\\u0443\\\\u0441\\\\u0442\\\\u0430<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u043b \\\\u0440\\\\u0430\\\\u0432\\\\u0438\\\\u0448\\\\u0434\\\\u0430 \\\\u045e\\\\u0440\\\\u0433\\\\u0430\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u0431 \\\\u0435\\\\u0442\\\\u0438\\\\u0448\\\\u0433\\\\u0430\\\\u043d <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b3<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0443<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0443<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0448\\\\u0443\\\\u043d\\\\u043e\\\\u0441 \\\\u044d\\\\u0434\\\\u0438. <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u041e\\\\u043d\\\\u0430\\\\u0441\\\\u0438, <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0437\\\\u043b\\\\u0438\\\\u043a\\\\n\\\\u0438\\\\u0441\\\\u043c\\\\u0448\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u0438\\\\u0444\\\\u0438 \\\\u0410\\\\u043d\\\\u043d\\\\u0430 \\\\u0419\\\\u0430\\\\u043d\\\\u0441\\\\u0434\\\\u043e\\\\u0442\\\\u0442\\\\u0435\\\\u0440 \\\\u0448\\\\u043e\\\\u0438\\\\u0440\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u043d\\\\u0433 \\\\u043e\\\\u0442\\\\u0430\\\\u0441\\\\u0438\\\\u0433\\\\u0430 \\\\u0442\\\\u0443\\\\u0440\\\\u043c\\\\u0443\\\\u0448\\\\u0433\\\\u0430 \\\\u0447\\\\u0438<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u0434\\\\u0430 \\\\u0431<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0435\\\\u0432<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430 \\\\u044d\\\\u0434\\\\u0438. \\\\u042d\\\\u0440\\\\u0438\\\\u043a\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u043d\\\\u0433 \\\\u0451\\\\u0448\\\\u043b\\\\u0438\\\\u0433\\\\u0438 \\\\u0433\\\\u0430\\\\u043c-\\\\u0442\\\\u0430\\\\u0448\\\\u0432\\\\u0438\\\\u0448\\\\n\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u043c\\\\u0430 \\\\u044d\\\\u043a\\\\u0430\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u043d\\\\u0438 \\\\u0431\\\\u0438\\\\u043b\\\\u043c\\\\u0430\\\\u0439, \\\\u043c\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u043a\\\\u0430\\\\u0437\\\\u0438\\\\u0439 \\\\u0428\\\\u0432\\\\u0435\\\\u0446\\\\u0438\\\\u044f\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u043d) \\\\u0441\\\\u043e\\\\u043a\\\\u0438\\\\u043d <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u0448\\\\u043b\\\\u043e<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>  <\\\\\\\/span><\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0442\\\\u0443\\\\u043c\\\\u0430\\\\u043d\\\\u0438<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0434<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430 \\\\u043a\\\\u0435\\\\u0447\\\\u0430\\\\u0434\\\\u0438. <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b2<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430\\\\u043c\\\\u043c\\\\u0430\\\\u0441\\\\u0438 \\\\u042d\\\\u0440\\\\u0438\\\\u043a\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u043d\\\\u0433 \\\\u0423\\\\u043f\\\\u0441\\\\u0430\\\\u043b \\\\u0443\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u0432<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0435<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0440\\\\u0441\\\\u0438\\\\u0442\\\\u0435\\\\u0442\\\\u0438\\\\u0433\\\\u0430 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u045e<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u0448\\\\u0433\\\\u0430\\\\n\\\\u043a\\\\u0438\\\\u0440\\\\u0433\\\\u0430\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u0434\\\\u0430\\\\u043d \\\\u043a<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u0439<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043d<\\\\\\\/span> \\\\u0431\\\\u043e\\\\u0448\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u043d\\\\u0430\\\\u0434\\\\u0438.\\\\n\\\\u0423\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u043d\\\\u0433 \\\\u043e\\\\u0442\\\\u0430\\\\u0441\\\\u0438 \\\\u0438\\\\u043d<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u0440\\\\u043e\\\\u0437\\\\u0433\\\\u0430 \\\\u0443\\\\u0447\\\\u0440\\\\u0430\\\\u0439\\\\u0434\\\\u0438\\\\n\\\\u0432\\\\u0430 \\\\u043e<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u0431\\\\u0430\\\\u0442\\\\u0434\\\\u0430 \\\\u0422\\\\u043e\\\\u043b\\\\u0444\\\\u043c\\\\u0430\\\\u043d\\\\u0441\\\\u0433\\\\u043e\\\\u0440\\\\u0434\\\\u0435\\\\u043d\\\\u0434\\\\u0430\\\\u0433\\\\u0438 \\\\u0445\\\\u043e\\\\u0441 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b3<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043e\\\\u0432\\\\u043b\\\\u0438\\\\u043d\\\\u0438 \\\\u0441\\\\u043e\\\\u0442\\\\u0438\\\\u0448\\\\u0433\\\\u0430 \\\\u043c\\\\u0430\\\\u0436\\\\u0431\\\\u0443\\\\u0440 \\\\u0431<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u045e<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0434\\\\u0438. \\\\u041a<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u045e<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043f <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u045e<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0442\\\\u043c\\\\u0430\\\\u0439 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u044d<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0441\\\\u0430 \\\\u0432\\\\u0430\\\\u0444<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043e\\\\u0442<\\\\\\\/span> <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u044d<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0442\\\\u0430\\\\u0434\\\\u0438.\\\\n\\\\u041a\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u043b\\\\u0444\\\\u0435\\\\u043b\\\\u044c\\\\u0434\\\\u043b \\\\u044d\\\\u043d\\\\u0434\\\\u0438 \\\\u044f\\\\u0448\\\\u0430\\\\u0448\\\\u0433\\\\u0430 \\\\u043f\\\\u0443\\\\u043b <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0442<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043e\\\\u043f\\\\u0438\\\\u0448 \\\\u0443\\\\u0447\\\\u0443<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043d<\\\\\\\/span> \\\\u0431\\\\u0438\\\\u0440\\\\u043e\\\\u0432\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u043d\\\\u0433 \\\\u0431\\\\u043e\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u0438\\\\u043d\\\\u0438 \\\\u0443\\\\u0439\\\\u0438\\\\u0433\\\\u0430 \\\\u0431\\\\u043e\\\\u0440\\\\u0438\\\\u0431 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u045e<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u0442\\\\u0430\\\\u0440, \\\\u0431\\\\u0443 \\\\u0436\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u0430\\\\u0451\\\\u043d\\\\u0434\\\\u0430 \\\\u043a<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u045e\\\\u043f<\\\\\\\/span> <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0439\\\\u043d\\\\u0430\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0440<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0434<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438. \\\\u0410\\\\u0445\\\\u0438\\\\u0440 \\\\u0431\\\\u0438\\\\u0440\\\\n\\\\u0451<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0434<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u045e\\\\u0437<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b3<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430\\\\u043c<\\\\\\\/span> <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0442<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0431\\\\u0430\\\\n\\\\u044d\\\\u0434\\\\u0438-\\\\u0434\\\\u0430. \\\\u042d\\\\u0440\\\\u0438\\\\u043a 1902 \\\\u0439\\\\u0438\\\\u043b\\\\u0433\\\\u0430 \\\\u043a\\\\u0435\\\\u043b\\\\u0438\\\\u0431\\\\u0433\\\\u0438\\\\u043d\\\\u0430 \\\\u0443\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u0432\\\\u0435\\\\u0440\\\\u0441\\\\u0438\\\\u0442\\\\u0435\\\\u0442\\\\u043d\\\\u0438 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0442\\\\u0430\\\\u043c\\\\u043e\\\\u043c\\\\u043b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430\\\\u0439\\\\u0434\\\\u0438. \\\\u0411\\\\u0438\\\\u0440 \\\\u0439\\\\u0438\\\\u043b \\\\u043c\\\\u043e\\\\u0431\\\\u0430\\\\u0439\\\\u043d\\\\u0438<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0434<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430 \\\\u043c\\\\u0443\\\\u0430\\\\u043b\\\\u043b\\\\u0438\\\\u043c\\\\u043b\\\\u0438\\\\u043a\\\\n<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u043b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0433\\\\u0430\\\\u0447,\\\\n\\\\u0421\\\\u0442\\\\u043e\\\\u043a\\\\u0433\\\\u043e\\\\u043b\\\\u044c\\\\u043c\\\\u0434\\\\u0430\\\\u0433\\\\u0438 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049a<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u0448\\\\u043b\\\\u043e<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span> \\\\u0445<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u045e<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0436\\\\u0430\\\\u043b\\\\u0438\\\\u043a \\\\u0430\\\\u043a\\\\u0430\\\\u0434\\\\u0435\\\\u043c\\\\u0438\\\\u044f\\\\u0441\\\\u0438\\\\u0434\\\\u0430 \\\\u043a\\\\u0443\\\\u0442\\\\u0443\\\\u0431\\\\u0445\\\\u043e\\\\u043d\\\\u0430\\\\u0447\\\\u0438\\\\u043b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043a <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u043b\\\\u0430 \\\\u0431\\\\u043e\\\\u0448\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0439\\\\u0434\\\\u0438. \\\\u0428\\\\u043e\\\\u0438\\\\u0440\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u043d\\\\u0433 \\\\u0438\\\\u043b\\\\u043a \\\\u0438\\\\u0436\\\\u043e\\\\u0434\\\\u0438\\\\u0439\\\\n\\\\u0438\\\\u0448\\\\u0438 \\\\u00ab\\\\u0401\\\\u0432\\\\u0432\\\\u043e\\\\u0439\\\\u0438 \\\\u0442\\\\u0430\\\\u0431\\\\u0438\\\\u0430\\\\u0442 \\\\u0432\\\\u0430 \\\\u043c\\\\u0443<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b3<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430\\\\u0431\\\\u0431\\\\u0430\\\\u0442 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b3<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u0434<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u045e<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0448\\\\u0438<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u00bb \\\\u0448\\\\u0435\\\\u044a\\\\u0440\\\\u0438\\\\u0439 \\\\u0442<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u045e<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043f\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u043c\\\\u0438\\\\u0434\\\\u0430\\\\u0433\\\\u0438\\\\n\\\\u0430\\\\u0441\\\\u043e\\\\u0441\\\\u0438\\\\u0439 \\\\u043c\\\\u0430\\\\u0432\\\\u0437\\\\u0443 \\\\u0414\\\\u0430\\\\u043b\\\\u0435\\\\u043a\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u043b\\\\u0438\\\\u0430\\\\u0434\\\\u0430\\\\u0433\\\\u0438 \\\\u0434\\\\u0435<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b3\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043e<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043d\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0440 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b3<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430\\\\u0451\\\\u0442\\\\u0438<\\\\\\\/span> <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u044d\\\\u0434\\\\u0438<\\\\\\\/span>, \\\\u0443\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u0434\\\\u0430\\\\n\\\\u043c\\\\u0443\\\\u0430\\\\u043b\\\\u043b\\\\u0438\\\\u0444 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0434\\\\u0438\\\\u043c\\\\u0438\\\\u0439\\\\n\\\\u0448\\\\u0432\\\\u0435\\\\u0434\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u0433\\\\u0430 \\\\u0445\\\\u043e\\\\u0441 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0442<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u043b\\\\u0433\\\\u0430 \\\\u043c\\\\u0443\\\\u0440\\\\u043e\\\\u0436\\\\u0430\\\\u0430\\\\u0442 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0440 \\\\u044d\\\\u043a\\\\u0430\\\\u043d, \\\\u0431\\\\u0443\\\\u043d\\\\u0434\\\\u0430 \\\\u0430\\\\u0444\\\\u0441\\\\u043e\\\\u043d\\\\u0430\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0440 \\\\u0440\\\\u0443<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b3<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438 \\\\u0431\\\\u0430\\\\u0440<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>  <\\\\\\\/span><\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0443\\\\u0440\\\\u0438\\\\u0431 \\\\u0442\\\\u0443\\\\u0440\\\\u0430\\\\u0434\\\\u0438. \\\\u041a\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u043b\\\\u0444\\\\u0435\\\\u043b\\\\u044c\\\\u0434\\\\u0442 \\\\u043f\\\\u043e\\\\u044d\\\\u0437\\\\u0438\\\\u044f\\\\u0441\\\\u0438 \\\\u044d\\\\u0442\\\\u043d\\\\u043e\\\\u0433\\\\u0440\\\\u0430\\\\u0444\\\\u0438\\\\u044f \\\\u0436\\\\u0438<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b3<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430\\\\u0442\\\\u0434\\\\u0430\\\\u043d \\\\u0430\\\\u043d\\\\u0438<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043b\\\\u0438\\\\u043a\\\\u043a\\\\u0430 \\\\u044d\\\\u0433\\\\u0430, \\\\u043b\\\\u0438\\\\u0440\\\\u0438\\\\u043a \\\\u0436\\\\u0438<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b3<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430\\\\u0442\\\\u0434\\\\u0430\\\\u043d \\\\u0447\\\\u0443<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0443<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0440 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0432<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430 \\\\u0440\\\\u0443<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b3<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0438\\\\u044f\\\\u0442\\\\u0438 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0442<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043e\\\\u043c\\\\u043e\\\\u043d\\\\u0434\\\\u0430\\\\u043d \\\\u0430\\\\u043d\\\\u044a\\\\u0430\\\\u043d\\\\u0430\\\\u0432\\\\u0438\\\\u0439 \\\\u0431<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u045e<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043b\\\\u0438\\\\u0431, \\\\u0443\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u043d\\\\u0433\\\\n\\\\u0448\\\\u0435\\\\u044a\\\\u0440\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u0438\\\\u0434\\\\u0430 \\\\u043e\\\\u0434\\\\u0434\\\\u0438\\\\u0439<\\\\\\\/span>  <\\\\\\\/span><\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043a\\\\u0438\\\\u0448\\\\u0438\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0440 <\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b3<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u0430\\\\u0451\\\\u0442\\\\u0438, \\\\u0434\\\\u0435<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u04b3\\\\u049b<\\\\\\\/span>\\\\u043e\\\\u043d\\\\u043b\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u0433\\\\u0430 \\\\u0445\\\\u043e\\\\u0441 \\\\u044f\\\\u0448\\\\u0430\\\\u0448 \\\\u0442\\\\u0430\\\\u0440\\\\u0437\\\\u0438 \\\\u0432\\\\u0430\\\\n\\\\u043c\\\\u0430\\\\u0434\\\\u0430\\\\u043d\\\\u0438\\\\u044f\\\\u0442\\\\u0438\\\\u0433\\\\u0430 \\\\u0431<\\\\\\\/span>


Sayt “OPEN WEB” tomonidan tayyorlangan