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Iyul 2019
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Shoir Normurod Nazrullayev tavallud topgan kun
1934-07-07

{"uz":"\n\n\n

Normurod\nNarzullayev 1934 yilning 7 iyulida Qashqadaryo viloyati Kasbi tumanidagi\nXo\u2018jahayron qishlog\u2018ida dehqon oilasida dunyoga keldi. U yetti yillik\nma\u2019lumotni o\u2018z qishlog\u2018idagi maktabda oldi. 1948 yilda Qarshi pedagogika bilim\nyurtiga kirib o\u2018qidi. 1956 yilda Samarqand Davlat pedagogika institutining til\nva adabiyot fakultetini imtiyozli diplom bilan bitirdi.Mehnat faoliyatini 1956\nyildan boshladi. Avval viloyat gazetalarida musahhih so\u2018ng adabiy xodim, bo\u2018lim\nmudiri va mas\u2019ul kotib vazifalarida ishladi. 1968-1969 yillarda Alisher Navoiy\nnomli Samarqand Davlat universitetining o\u2018zbek adabiyoti kafedrasi\naspiranturasida o\u2018qidi. Normurod Narzullayev 1969-1974 yillarda Samarqand va\nToshkentda mas\u2019ul lavozimlarda xizmat qildi. 1974 yilda O\u2018zbekiston Yozuvchilar\nuyushmasi raisining birinchi o\u2018rinbosari etib tayinlandi, 1976-1981 yillarda\nmazkur uyushmada kotib vazifasini ado etdi. 1991-1996 yillarda \u201cKamalak\u201d\nnashriyot-matbaa birlashmasining bosh muharriri, 1996-1997 yillar \u201cKamalak\u201d\nnashriyoti direktori vazifalarini bajardi. Normurod Narzullayev 1997 yildan\ne\u2019tiboran O\u2018zbekiston Respublikasi yoshlari \u201cKamolot\u201d jamg\u2018armasi\n\u201cQatortol-Kamolot\u201d ishlab chiqarish-nashriyot korxonasida bosh maslahatchi\nlavozimida ishlab keldi. Atoqli shoir 2006 yil 17 martda vafot etdi.Normurod\nNarzullaevning ijodiy faoliyati 1954 yildan boshlangan. Shu yillarda vaqtli\nmatbuot sahifalarida uning ilk she\u2019rlari bosilgan. Oradan o\u2018n yil o\u2018tgach,\nG\u2018afur G\u2018ulom nomidagi Adabiyot va san\u2019at nashriyotida shoirning ilk she\u2019riy\nto\u2018plami \u2013 \u201cSuyunchi\u201d (1965) bosilib chiqqan. Bugunga qadar shoirning o\u2018ttizga yaqin\nkitoblari chop etilgan. Shoir \u201cSizni Vatan erkalar\u201d (1966), \u201cMehr chashmasi\u201d\n(1970), \u201cZarafshon zarlari\u201d (1970), \u201cUfqlarda ko\u2018zlarim\u201d (1973), \u201cYog\u2018du\u201d\n(1974), \u201cNigohlar\u201d (1976), \u201cLahza va larza\u201d(1973), \u201cSevgi sehri\u201d (1981), \u201cOq\nsamanim\u201d (1982), \u201cTong elchisi\u201d (1984), ikki jildli \u201cSaylanma\u201d (1984-1985),\n\u201cShamolni ushlagan bola\u201d (1985), \u201cYaxshilik deb yashayman\u201d (1987), \u201cAyni vaqt\u201d\n(1989), \u201cBosh maydon\u201d (1991) kabi to\u2018plamlarning muallifidir. So\u2018nggi yillarda\nshoirning qator she\u2019riy kitoblari respublika nashriyotlari tomonidan chop\netildi va ilmiy-adabiy jamoatchilikka manzur bo\u2018ldi. Normurod Narzullaevning\n\u201cOq farishtam, oppoq farishtam\u201d (1995), \u201cYurt ishqida yonaman\u201d (1996), \u201cBola\nko\u2018zi bilan ko\u2018ring dunyoni\u201d (1998) nomli she\u2019rlar, qo\u2018shiqlar to\u2018plamlari\nshoir ijodida sezilarli iz qoldirdi. Normurod Narzullaevning she\u2019rlari ingliz, ispan, fransuz, nemis, chex, polyak,\nvetnam, turk, hind tillariga tarjima qilingan. Normurod Narzullaev \u201cXalq\nbulbuli\u201d, \u201cDo\u2018stlik mushoirasi\u201d hujjatli filmlari ssenariysi, \u201cVijdon isyoni\u201d\ndramasi, \u201cSevgi sururi\u201d, \u201cDoiraning dovrug\u2018i\u201d kabi videofilmlarning\nmuallifidir. Normurod Narzullaev Narziy taxallusi bilan qo\u2018shiqnavis shoir\nsifatida ham mashhur. Uning she\u2019rlari asosida yaratilgan ko\u2018plab qo\u2018shiqlar\nxalqaro va respublika tanlovlarida sovrinli o\u2018rinlarni egalladi. \u201cMeros\u201d,\n\u201cUzilgan torlar\u201d, \u201cToshkentda tuman\u201d, \u201cSevgi nidosi\u201d, \u201cFotima va Zuhro\u201d kabi\nsahna asarlari va kinofilmlardagi qo\u2018shiqlar ham shoir Normurod Narzullaev\nqalamiga mansub. Normurod Narzullaevning Henrih Heyne, Maksim Tank, Yevgeniy Yevtushenko, Jobir\nNavro\u2018z, Qaysin Quliev, Ibroxim Yusupov, Andrey Dementev va boshqa shoirlar\nijodidan qilgan tarjimalari ham o\u2018zbek kitobxonlariga manzur bo\u2018ldi. Normurod\nNarzullaev 1971 yilda O\u2018zbekiston Yoshlar tashkilotining mukofotiga sazovor\nbo\u2018lgan. Unga 1984 yilda \u201cO\u2018zbekiston Respublikasida xizmat ko\u2018rsatgan\nmadaniyat xodimi\u201d, 1994 yilda \u201cO\u2018zbekiston xalq maorifi a\u2019lochisi\u201d faxriy\nunvonlari berilgan. 1998 yilda \u201cShuhrat\u201d medaliga sazovor bo\u2018ldi. Unga\n\u201cO\u2018zbekiston xalq shoiri\u201d unvoni berilgan.<\/span><\/strong><\/p>","uzc":"\n\u041d\u043e\u0440\u043c\u0443\u0440\u043e\u0434 \u041d\u0430\u0440\u0437\u0443\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0435\u0432 1934 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433\n7 \u0438\u044e\u043b\u0438\u0434\u0430 <\/span><\/strong>\u049a<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0448<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0434\u0430\u0440\u0451\n\u0432\u0438\u043b\u043e\u044f\u0442\u0438 \u041a\u0430\u0441\u0431\u0438 \u0442\u0443\u043c\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438 X\u045e\u0436\u0430<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0439\u0440\u043e\u043d <\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u0448\u043b\u043e<\/span><\/strong>\u0493<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0434\u0435<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u043e\u043d \u043e\u0438\u043b\u0430\u0441\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0434\u0443\u043d\u0451\u0433\u0430 \u043a\u0435\u043b\u0434\u0438<\/span><\/strong>. \u0423\u043d\u0433\u0430\n\u201c\u040e\u0437\u0431\u0435\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u043e\u043d \u0420\u0435\u0441\u043f\u0443\u0431\u043b\u0438\u043a\u0430\u0441\u0438\u0434\u0430 x\u0438\u0437\u043c\u0430\u0442 \u043a\u045e\u0440\u0441\u0430\u0442\u0433\u0430\u043d \u043c\u0430\u0434\u0430\u043d\u0438\u044f\u0442 x\u043e\u0434\u0438\u043c\u0438\u201d, \u201c\u040e\u0437\u0431\u0435\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u043e\u043d x\u0430\u043b<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong> \u043c\u0430\u043e\u0440\u0438\u0444\u0438 \u0430\u044a\u043b\u043e\u0447\u0438\u0441\u0438\u201d \u0444\u0430x\u0440\u0438\u0439 <\/span><\/strong>\u0443\u043d\u0432\u043e\u043d\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\n\u0431\u0435\u0440\u0438\u043b\u0433\u0430\u043d, 1998 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0430 \u044d\u0441\u0430 \u201c\u0428\u0443<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u0440\u0430\u0442\u201d\n\u043c\u0435\u0434\u0430\u043b\u0438\u0433\u0430 \u0441\u0430\u0437\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0440 \u0431\u045e\u043b\u0433\u0430\u043d.\u041d\u043e\u0440\u043c\u0443\u0440\u043e\u0434 \u041d\u0430\u0440\u0437\u0443\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0435\u0432 1934 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 7 \u0438\u044e\u043b\u0438\u0434\u0430 <\/span><\/strong>\u049a<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0448<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0434\u0430\u0440\u0451\n\u0432\u0438\u043b\u043e\u044f\u0442\u0438 \u041a\u0430\u0441\u0431\u0438 \u0442\u0443\u043c\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438 X\u045e\u0436\u0430<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0439\u0440\u043e\u043d <\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u0448\u043b\u043e<\/span><\/strong>\u0493<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0434\u0435<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u043e\u043d \u043e\u0438\u043b\u0430\u0441\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0434\u0443\u043d\u0451\u0433\u0430 \u043a\u0435\u043b\u0434\u0438. \u0423 \u0435\u0442\u0442\u0438 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u043b\u0438\u043a \u043c\u0430\u044a\u043b\u0443\u043c\u043e\u0442\u043d\u0438\n\u045e\u0437 <\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u0448\u043b\u043e<\/span><\/strong>\u0493<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438\n\u043c\u0430\u043a\u0442\u0430\u0431\u0434\u0430 \u043e\u043b\u0434\u0438. 1948 <\/span><\/strong>\u0439\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0430 <\/span><\/strong>\u049a<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0440\u0448\u0438 \u043f\u0435\u0434\u0430\u0433\u043e\u0433\u0438\u043a\u0430 \u0431\u0438\u043b\u0438\u043c \u044e\u0440\u0442\u0438\u0433\u0430 \u043a\u0438\u0440\u0438\u0431 \u045e<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u0434\u0438. 1956 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0430 \u0421\u0430\u043c\u0430\u0440<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u043d\u0434 \u0414\u0430\u0432\u043b\u0430\u0442 \u043f\u0435\u0434\u0430\u0433\u043e\u0433\u0438\u043a\u0430 \u0438\u043d\u0441\u0442\u0438\u0442\u0443\u0442\u0438\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0442\u0438\u043b \u0432\u0430 \u0430\u0434\u0430\u0431\u0438\u0451\u0442\n\u0444\u0430\u043a\u0443\u043b\u0442\u0435\u0442\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0438\u043c\u0442\u0438\u0451\u0437\u043b\u0438 \u0434\u0438\u043f\u043b\u043e\u043c \u0431\u0438\u043b\u0430\u043d \u0431\u0438\u0442\u0438\u0440\u0434\u0438.\u041c\u0435<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u043d\u0430\u0442 \u0444\u0430\u043e\u043b\u0438\u044f\u0442\u0438\u043d\u0438 1956 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0430\u043d \u0431\u043e\u0448\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438. \u0410\u0432\u0432\u0430\u043b \u0432\u0438\u043b\u043e\u044f\u0442\n\u0433\u0430\u0437\u0435\u0442\u0430\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u043c\u0443\u0441\u0430<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u0438<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong> \u0441\u045e\u043d\u0433 \u0430\u0434\u0430\u0431\u0438\u0439 x\u043e\u0434\u0438\u043c, \u0431\u045e\u043b\u0438<\/span><\/strong>\u043c\n\u043c\u0443\u0434\u0438\u0440\u0438 \u0432\u0430 \u043c\u0430\u0441\u044a\u0443\u043b \u043a\u043e\u0442\u0438\u0431 \u0432\u0430\u0437\u0438\u0444\u0430\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0438\u0448\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438.1968-1969 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0434\u0430 \u0410\u043b\u0438\u0448\u0435\u0440 \u041d\u0430\u0432\u043e\u0438\u0439\n\u043d\u043e\u043c\u043b\u0438 \u0421\u0430\u043c\u0430\u0440<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u043d\u0434 \u0414\u0430\u0432\u043b\u0430\u0442 \u0443\u043d\u0438\u0432\u0435\u0440\u0441\u0438\u0442\u0435\u0442\u0438\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u045e\u0437\u0431\u0435\u043a \u0430\u0434\u0430\u0431\u0438\u0451\u0442\u0438 \u043a\u0430\u0444\u0435\u0434\u0440\u0430\u0441\u0438\n\u0430\u0441\u043f\u0438\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0442\u0443\u0440\u0430\u0441\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u045e<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u0434\u0438.\n\u041d\u043e\u0440\u043c\u0443\u0440\u043e\u0434 \u041d\u0430\u0440\u0437\u0443\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0435\u0432 1969-1974 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0434\u0430 \u0421\u0430\u043c\u0430\u0440<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u043d\u0434 \u0432\u0430 \u0422\u043e\u0448\u043a\u0435\u043d\u0442\u0434\u0430 \u043c\u0430\u0441\u044a\u0443\u043b \u043b\u0430\u0432\u043e\u0437\u0438\u043c\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0434\u0430 x\u0438\u0437\u043c\u0430\u0442 <\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0438.\n1974 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0430 \u040e\u0437\u0431\u0435\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u043e\u043d \u0401\u0437\u0443\u0432\u0447\u0438\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u0443\u044e\u0448\u043c\u0430\u0441\u0438 \u0440\u0430\u0438\u0441\u0438\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0431\u0438\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0447\u0438 \u045e\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0431\u043e\u0441\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u044d\u0442\u0438\u0431\n\u0442\u0430\u0439\u0438\u043d\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0434\u0438, 1976-1981 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0434\u0430 \u043c\u0430\u0437\u043a\u0443\u0440 \u0443\u044e\u0448\u043c\u0430\u0434\u0430 \u043a\u043e\u0442\u0438\u0431 \u0432\u0430\u0437\u0438\u0444\u0430\u0441\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0430\u0434\u043e \u044d\u0442\u0434\u0438.\n1991-1996 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0434\u0430 \u201c\u041a\u0430\u043c\u0430\u043b\u0430\u043a\u201d \u043d\u0430\u0448\u0440\u0438\u0451\u0442-\u043c\u0430\u0442\u0431\u0430\u0430 \u0431\u0438\u0440\u043b\u0430\u0448\u043c\u0430\u0441\u0438\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0431\u043e\u0448 \u043c\u0443<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0440\u0440\u0438\u0440\u0438, 1996-1997 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u201c\u041a\u0430\u043c\u0430\u043b\u0430\u043a\u201d \u043d\u0430<\/span><\/strong>\u0448\u0440\u0438\u0451\u0442\u0438\n\u0434\u0438\u0440\u0435\u043a\u0442\u043e\u0440\u0438 \u0432\u0430\u0437\u0438\u0444\u0430\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0431\u0430\u0436\u0430\u0440\u0434\u0438. \u041d\u043e\u0440\u043c\u0443\u0440\u043e\u0434 \u041d\u0430\u0440\u0437\u0443\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0435\u0432 1997 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0430\u043d \u044d\u044a\u0442\u0438\u0431\u043e\u0440\u0430\u043d\n\u040e\u0437\u0431\u0435\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u043e\u043d \u0420\u0435\u0441\u043f\u0443\u0431\u043b\u0438\u043a\u0430\u0441\u0438 \u0451\u0448\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u201c\u041a\u0430\u043c\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0442\u201d \u0436\u0430\u043c<\/span><\/strong>\u0493<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0440\u043c\u0430\u0441\u0438 \u201c<\/span><\/strong>\u049a<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0442\u043e\u0440\u0442\u043e\u043b-\u041a\u0430\u043c\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0442\u201d \u0438\u0448\u043b\u0430\u0431 \u0447\u0438<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0448-\u043d\u0430\u0448\u0440\u0438\u0451\u0442 \u043a\u043e\u0440x\u043e\u043d\u0430\u0441\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0431\u043e\u0448 \u043c\u0430\u0441\u043b\u0430<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0442\u0447\u0438 \u043b\u0430\u0432\u043e\u0437\u0438\u043c\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0438\u0448\u043b\u0430\u0431 \u043a\u0435\u043b\u0434\u0438. \u0410\u0442\u043e<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u043b\u0438 \u0448\u043e\u0438\u0440 2006 \u0439\u0438\u043b 17 \u043c\u0430\u0440\u0442\u0434\u0430 <\/span><\/strong>\u0432\u0430\u0444\u043e\u0442\n\u044d\u0442\u0434\u0438. \u041d\u043e\u0440\u043c\u0443\u0440\u043e\u0434 \u041d\u0430\u0440\u0437\u0443\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0435\u0432\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0438\u0436\u043e\u0434\u0438\u0439 \u0444\u0430\u043e\u043b\u0438\u044f\u0442\u0438 1954 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0430\u043d \u0431\u043e\u0448\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0433\u0430\u043d. \u0428\u0443\n\u0439\u0438\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0434\u0430 \u0432\u0430<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0442\u043b\u0438 \u043c\u0430\u0442\u0431\u0443\u043e\u0442 \u0441\u0430<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u0444\u0430\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0443\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0438\u043b\u043a \u0448\u0435\u044a\u0440\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u0431\u043e\u0441\u0438\u043b\u0433\u0430\u043d. \u041e\u0440\u0430\u0434\u0430\u043d \u045e\u043d \u0439\u0438\u043b\n\u045e\u0442\u0433\u0430\u0447, \u0413\u0430\u0444\u0443\u0440 \u0413\u0443\u043b\u043e\u043c \u043d\u043e\u043c\u0438\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438 \u0410\u0434\u0430\u0431\u0438\u0451\u0442 \u0432\u0430 \u0441\u0430\u043d\u044a\u0430\u0442 \u043d\u0430\u0448\u0440\u0438\u0451\u0442\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0448\u043e\u0438\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0438\u043b\u043a \u0448\u0435\u044a\u0440\u0438\u0439\n\u0442\u045e\u043f\u043b\u0430\u043c\u0438 \u2013 \u201c\u0421\u0443\u044e\u043d\u0447\u0438\u201d (1<\/span><\/strong>965) \u0431\u043e\u0441\u0438\u043b\u0438\u0431 \u0447\u0438<\/span><\/strong>\u049b\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u043d. \u0411\u0443\u0433\u0443\u043d\u0433\u0430 <\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0434\u0430\u0440 \u0448\u043e\u0438\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u045e\u0442\u0442\u0438\u0437\u0433\u0430 \u044f<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u043d \u043a\u0438\u0442\u043e\u0431\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u0447\u043e\u043f \u044d\u0442\u0438\u043b\u0433\u0430\u043d. \u0428\u043e\u0438\u0440 \u201c\u0421\u0438\u0437\u043d\u0438 \u0412\u0430\u0442\u0430\u043d \u044d\u0440\u043a\u0430\u043b\u0430\u0440\u201d\n(1966), \u201c\u041c\u0435<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u0440 \u0447\u0430\u0448\u043c\u0430\u0441\u0438\u201d (1970), \u201c\u0417\u0430\u0440\u0430\u0444\u0448\u043e\u043d \u0437\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u201d (1970), \u201c\u0423\u0444<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0434\u0430 \u043a\u045e\u0437\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u043c\u201d (1973), \u201c\u0401<\/span><\/strong>\u0493<\/span><\/strong>\u2018\u0434\u0443\u201d (1974), \u201c\u041d\u0438\u0433\u043e<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u043b\u0430\u0440\u201d (1976), \u201c\u041b\u0430<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u0437\u0430 \u0432\u0430 \u043b\u0430\u0440\u0437\u0430\u201d (1973), \u201c\u0421\u0435<\/span><\/strong>\u0432\u0433\u0438 \u0441\u0435<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u0440\u0438\u201d (1981), \u201c\u041e<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong> \u0441\u0430\u043c\u0430\u043d\u0438\u043c\u201d (1982), \u201c\u0422\u043e\u043d\u0433 \u044d\u043b\u0447\u0438\u0441\u0438\u201d (1984), \u0438\u043a\u043a\u0438 \u0436\u0438\u043b\u0434\u043b\u0438\n\u201c\u0421\u0430\u0439\u043b\u0430\u043d\u043c\u0430\u201d (1984-1985), \u201c\u0428\u0430\u043c\u043e\u043b\u043d\u0438 \u0443\u0448\u043b\u0430\u0433\u0430\u043d \u0431\u043e\u043b\u0430\u201d (1985), \u201c\u042fx\u0448\u0438\u043b\u0438\u043a \u0434\u0435\u0431 \u044f\u0448\u0430\u0439\u043c\u0430\u043d\u201d\n(1987), \u201c\u0410\u0439\u043d\u0438 \u0432\u0430<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0442\u201d\n(1989), \u201c\u0411\u043e\u0448 \u043c\u0430\u0439\u0434\u043e\u043d\u201d (1991) \u043a\u0430\u0431\u0438 \u0442\u045e\u043f\u043b\u0430\u043c\u043b\u0430\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u043c\u0443\u0430\u043b\u043b\u0438\u0444\u0438\u0434\u0438\u0440. \u0421\u045e\u043d\u0433\u0433\u0438 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0434\u0430\n\u0448\u043e\u0438\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 <\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0442\u043e\u0440<\/span><\/strong> \u0448\u0435\u044a\u0440\u0438\u0439 \u043a\u0438\u0442\u043e\u0431\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\n\u0440\u0435\u0441\u043f\u0443\u0431\u043b\u0438\u043a\u0430 \u043d\u0430\u0448\u0440\u0438\u0451\u0442\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u0442\u043e\u043c\u043e\u043d\u0438\u0434\u0430\u043d \u0447\u043e\u043f \u044d\u0442\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0438 \u0432\u0430 \u0438\u043b\u043c\u0438\u0439-\u0430\u0434\u0430\u0431\u0438\u0439 \u0436\u0430\u043c\u043e\u0430\u0442\u0447\u0438\u043b\u0438\u043a\u043a\u0430\n\u043c\u0430\u043d\u0437\u0443\u0440 \u0431\u045e\u043b\u0434\u0438. \u041d\u043e\u0440\u043c\u0443\u0440\u043e\u0434 \u041d\u0430\u0440\u0437\u0443\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0435\u0432\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u201c\u041e<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong> \u0444\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0448\u0442\u0430\u043c, \u043e\u043f\u043f\u043e<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong> \u0444\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0448\u0442\u0430\u043c\u201d (1995), \u201c\u042e\u0440\u0442 \u0438\u0448<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0451\u043d\u0430\u043c\u0430\u043d\u201d (1996), \u201c\u0411\u043e\u043b\u0430 \u043a\u045e\u0437\u0438 \u0431\u0438\u043b\u0430\u043d \u043a\u045e\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0434\u0443\u043d\u0451\u043d\u0438\u201d\n(1998) \u043d\u043e\u043c\u043b\u0438 \u0448\u0435\u044a\u0440\u043b\u0430\u0440, <\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u045e\u0448\u0438<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u0442\u045e\u043f\u043b\u0430\u043c\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u0448\u043e\u0438\u0440 \u0438\u0436\u043e\u0434\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0441\u0435\u0437\u0438\u043b\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0438 \u0438\u0437 <\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u043e\u043b\u0434\u0438\u0440\u0434\u0438.<\/span><\/strong> \u041d\u043e\u0440\u043c\u0443\u0440\u043e\u0434\n\u041d\u0430\u0440\u0437\u0443\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0435\u0432\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0448\u0435\u044a\u0440\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u0438\u043d\u0433\u043b\u0438\u0437, \u0438\u0441\u043f\u0430\u043d, \u0444\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0441\u0443\u0437, \u043d\u0435\u043c\u0438\u0441, \u0447\u0435x, \u043f\u043e\u043b\u044f\u043a, \u0432\u0435\u0442\u043d\u0430\u043c,\n\u0442\u0443\u0440\u043a, <\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u043d\u0434 \u0442\u0438\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0433\u0430 \u0442\u0430\u0440\u0436\u0438\u043c\u0430 <\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u043b\u0438\u043d\u0433\u0430\u043d. \u041d\u043e\u0440\u043c\u0443\u0440\u043e\u0434 \u041d\u0430\u0440\u0437\u0443\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0435\u0432 \u201cX\u0430\u043b<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong> \u0431\u0443\u043b\u0431\u0443\u043b\u0438\u201d, \u201c\u0414\u045e\u0441\u0442\u043b\u0438\u043a \u043c\u0443\u0448\u043e\u0438\u0440\u0430\u0441\u0438\u201d <\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u0443\u0436\u0436\u0430\u0442\u043b\u0438 \u0444\u0438\u043b\u043c\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u0441\u0441\u0435\u043d<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0439\u0441\u0438,\n\u201c\u0412\u0438\u0436\u0434\u043e\u043d \u0438\u0441\u0451\u043d\u0438\u201d \u0434\u0440\u0430\u043c\u0430\u0441\u0438, \u201c\u0421\u0435\u0432\u0433\u0438 \u0441\u0443\u0440\u0443\u0440\u0438\u201d, \u201c\u0414\u043e\u0438\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0434\u043e\u0432\u0440\u0443<\/span><\/strong>\u0493<\/span><\/strong>\u0438\u201d \u043a\u0430\u0431\u0438 \u0432\u0438\u0434\u0435\u043e\u0444\u0438\u043b\u043c\u043b\u0430\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u043c\u0443\u0430\u043b\u043b\u0438\u0444\u0438\u0434\u0438\u0440. \u041d\u043e\u0440\u043c\u0443\u0440\u043e\u0434\n\u041d\u0430\u0440\u0437\u0443\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0435\u0432 \u041d\u0430\u0440\u0437\u0438\u0439 \u0442\u0430x\u0430\u043b\u043b\u0443\u0441\u0438 \u0431\u0438\u043b\u0430\u043d <\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u045e\u0448\u0438<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u043d\u0430\u0432\u0438\u0441\n\u0448\u043e\u0438\u0440 \u0441\u0438\u0444\u0430\u0442\u0438\u0434\u0430 <\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u043c \u043c\u0430\u0448<\/span><\/strong>\u04b3<\/span><\/strong>\u0443\u0440. \u0423\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0448\u0435\u044a\u0440\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u0430\u0441\u043e\u0441\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u044f\u0440\u0430\u0442\u0438\u043b\u0433\u0430\u043d \u043a\u045e\u043f\u043b\u0430\u0431 <\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u045e\u0448\u0438<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u043b\u0430\u0440\nx\u0430\u043b<\/span><\/strong>\u049b<\/span><\/strong>\u0430\u0440\u043e \u0432\u0430 \u0440\u0435\u0441\u043f\u0443\u0431\u043b\u0438\u043a\u0430 \u0442\u0430<\/span><\/strong>


Sayt “OPEN WEB” tomonidan tayyorlangan