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Buyuk faqih Burhoniddin Marg’inoniy tavallud topgan kun
1123-09-23

{"uz":"\n\n <\/span>Burhoniddin Marg\u2019inoniy (1123. 23. 9, Rishton tumani, Dahbet qishlog\u2019i -\n1197.29.10, Samarqand)-Buyuk faqih, imom.<\/span> <\/span>Dastavval\notasi Abubakr ibn Abduljalil, so\u2019ng<\/span> <\/span>Simom Bahouddin Ali ibn Muhammad Asbijobiy qo\u2019lida\ntahsil ko\u2019rdi. Rishton, Marg\u2019ilon, Buxoro, Samarqand va Movaraunnaxrning boshqa\nshaharlarida islomiy ta'lim olib, hanafiya mazhabining buyuk faqihi sifatida\nnom qozondi. Shayxulislom bo\u2019lib yetishdi. 1149 yilda haj safarga bordi.\nB.Marg\u2019inoniy Samarqand shahridagi Chokardiza qabristonga dafn etilgan.\nBurhoniddin Marg\u2019inoniy fiqh bo\u2019yicha asosiy asari \u201cBidoyat ul-mubtadi'\u201d\n(\u201cBoshlovchilar uchun qo\u2019llanma\u201d)ni hanafiya nazariyotchisi, shariat\nasoschilaridan Abul Hasan al- Quduriy (1029 yil v.e) va Muhammad ash-Shayboniy\n(884 v.e) asarlariga tayanib yozgan. Burhoniddin Marg\u2019inoniyning ushbu kitobi\nnazariy asar edi, unda amaliy jihatdan foydalanish qiyin bo\u2019lgan. Shu sababli\nBurhoniddin Marg\u2019inoniyning o\u2019zi 8 jildli sharh-\u201cKifoyat ul-Muntahiy\u201d\n(\u201cYakunlovchilar uchun tugal ta'limot\u201d)ni yozishga qaror qilgan. Keyinchalik bu\nkitobi asosida \u201cKitob al-Hidoya (qisqacha nomi \u201cHidoya\u201d -\u201cTo\u2019g\u2019ri yo\u2019l\u201d)ni\nyaratdi (1178). Burhoniddin Marg\u2019inoniy bu kitobda o\u2019sha zamonlarda\nmo\u2019min-musulmonlar duch keladigan hayotiy masalalar, jumladan, oilaviy va\nijtimoiy munosabatlar, mulkchilik, savdo-sotiq, jinoyat va jazo, insonning\nburch va mas'uliyatlariga taalluqli juda ko\u2019p murakkab muammolarni islomiy  <\/span>huquq nuqtai nazarida hal qilib berdi. Mazkur\nkitob nafaqat Mavrounnaxrda, balki butun islom sharqida bir necha tillarga tarjima\netilib ma'lum va mashhur bo\u2019lib ketdi. <\/span>Bu kitob fiqx ilmi\nbo\u2019yicha eng aniq, izchil, mukammal asar bo\u2019lgan. Undan asrlar davomidi islom\nhuquqshunosligi bo\u2019yicha nufuzli huquqiy manba- asosiy qo\u2019llanma sifatida\nfoydalanilgan. Shu sababli alloma nafaqat ulamolar, balki oddiy xalq orasida ham\n\u201chidoyat yo\u2019lining sarboni\u201d deya katta hurmat-e'tibor topdi. Burhoniddin\nval-milla (islom dinining dalili, isboti) degan sharafli nomga sazovor bo\u2019ldi.\nBurhoniddin Marg\u2019inoniy yana bir qancha asarlar yozgan: \u201cNashr al-mazhab\u201d\n(Mazhabning tarqalishi), \u201cKitob at-tajnis valmaziyd\u201d (\u201cFuqarolik huquqini\ntaqdim etish\u201d), \u201cKitob ul-faroiz\u201d (\u201cMajburiyatlar haqida kitob\u201d), \u201cMaziyd fi\nfuru ul-hanafiy\u201d (\u201cHanafiya mashabiga qo\u2019shimchalar\u201d) va boshqalar. U o\u2019z\nasarlarida ijtimoiy-iqtisodiy munosabatlar, mulkchilikning turli shakllari,\nmoliyaviy faoliyat, jinoyat va jvzoning huquqiy asoslarini, fuqarolik huquqi\nnazariyasi va amaliyotini batafsil yoritib berdi. Burhoniddin Marg\u2019inoniyning\nilmiy merosi o\u2019z ahamiyatini yo\u2019qotmagan. Jahondagi ko\u2019p olshiy o\u2019quv\nyurtlarida musulmon huquqshunosligi Burhoniddin Marg\u2019inoniyning fiqh ta'limoti\nasosida o\u2019rganiladi. O\u2019zbekiston mustaqillikka erishgandan so\u2019ng uning ilmiy\nmerosini har tomonlama chuqur o\u2019rganish, asarlarini chop etish ishlariga katta\ne'tibor etila boshlandi. O\u2019zbekiston Respublikasi Prezidenti I.A.Karimov\ntashabbusi bilan Burhoniddin Marg\u2019inoniy vafotining 800 yilligi (1997),\ntavalludining 910 yilligi (2000) keng nishonlandi. Shu munosabat bilan\nMarg\u2019ilon shahar markazida Burhoniddin Marg\u2019inoniy yodgorlik majmui bunyod\netilib, shu yerda uning ramziy maqbarasi o\u2019rnatildi.  <\/span><\/span>\n","uzc":"\n\u0411\u0443\u0440<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u043e\u043d\u0438\u0434\u0434\u0438\u043d \u041c\u0430\u0440<\/span>\u0493<\/span>\u0438\u043d\u043e\u043d\u0438\u0439\n(1123. 23. 9, \u0420\u0438\u0448\u0442\u043e\u043d \u0442\u0443\u043c\u0430\u043d\u0438, \u0414\u0430<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0431\u0435\u0442 <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0438\u0448\u043b\u043e<\/span>\u0493<\/span>\u0438 \u2013\n1197.29.10, \u0421\u0430\u043c\u0430\u0440<\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0430\u043d\u0434)-\u0411\u0443\u044e\u043a\n\u0444\u0430<\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0438<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>,\n\u0438\u043c\u043e\u043c. \u0414\u0430\u0441\u0442\u0430\u0432\u0432\u0430\u043b \u043e\u0442\u0430\u0441\u0438 \u0410\u0431\u0443\u0431\u0430\u043a\u0440 \u0438\u0431\u043d \u0410\u0431\u0434\u0443\u043b\u0436\u0430\u043b\u0438\u043b, 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