SHAXSIY KABINETGA KIRISH
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SSENARIYLAR
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ARXIV
Iyul 2018
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Aktyor Charli Chaplin tavallud topgan kun
1889-04-16

{"uz":"

Charli\nChaplin 1889 yil 16 aprelda Londonda tavallud topdi. Otasi fransuz millatiga\nmansub bo'lgan, komik qo'shiqlari bilan Angliya va Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida\nnom qozongan san'atkor Charli Chaplin (ota-bolaning ismi bir xil), onasi Xanna\nChaplin (saxnada Lili Gerli) yarim irland, yarim ispan oilasida dunyoga kelgan\ninsonlar edi. Onasi Xanna san'atga ixlosi baland bo'lgani bois, opera truppasiga\no'qishga kiradi. Charlzga turmushga chiqanida uning avvalgi turmushidan uchta\no'g'li bo'lib, Chaplin to'rtinchi o'g'il bo'lib tug'ildi. U 1894 yili besh\nyoshida ilk bor onasi bilan sahnaga chiqadi. Otasi Charlz ichkilikka mukkasidan\nketib, o'zini ham, oilasini ham kafangado qiladi. U 1901 yili Londondagi\nkasalxonalarning birida vafot etadi. Xanna Chaplin o'ttiz yoshida turt farzand\nbilan beva qoladi. Sharoit taqozosi tufayli u ikkita katta farzandini yetimxonaga\ntopshirib, Sidney va Charlini o'zi bilan olib qoladi. Charli bolaligi haqida\nxotiralarini eslar ekan, shunday deb yozadi: \"Qashshoqlik va hastalik\nonamni abdor qildi. Bir kuni kechqurun Sidney akam bilan uyga kelsak, hech kim yo'q.\nKunduzi onam qo'shnilarning eshigini birma-bir taqillatib chiqib,\n\"qaranglar, men sizlarga sovg'a olib keldim\", deb qo'lidagi bir\nbo'lak ko'mirni ko'rsatib chiqqan ekan. Sanitarlar kelib onamni jinnixonaga\nolib ketishibdi...\" Shu tariqa aka-ukalar ko'chada qoladilar. Bu paytda\nSidney to'qqiz yoshda, Charli esa etti yoshda edi... Oradan ma'lum bir muddat\no'tgach, onasi kasalxonadan chiqadi. Ammo ularning turmushi yaxshilanib\nqolmadi. Nochor ona o'g'li Charlining sirkka kirib ishlashiga rozi bo'ladi.\nAmmo bu ham uzoqqa cho'zilmadi. Endi non topishning yana bir yo'lini sinab\nko'rmoqchi bo'ladilar. Bu ham bo'lsa myuzik-hollda ishlash edi. Hullas, aka-ukalar\nshu sohada omadlarini sinab ko'radilar. Myuzik-xoll ular uchun ham ishxona, ham\nmaktabga aylanadi. Charli bu yerda raqsga tushar, qo'shiq kuylar, nimaiki lozim\nbo'lsa hammasini qoyillatib bajarishga harakat qilardi. O'n olti yoshga to'lgan\nakasi Sidney bu orada Amerikaga borib kelishga ham ulguradi va Fred Karnoning\npantomima teatriga ishga kirib, tez orada komik ijrochilardan biriga aylanadi.\nSo'ng ukasini ham yoniga chaqiradi. Aka-uka Chaplinlar ana shu tariqa san'at\nolamiga kirib keladilar... Charlidagi qobiliyat va iste'dodni payqagan teatr\nraxbariyati endi unga katta-katta rollarni taklif qila boshlaydi. O'sha kezlari\nKarnoning \"Kulgi fabrikasi\" pantomima teatri tomoshabinlar orasida\nkattagina shuhrat qozongan edi. Charli \"Sirk\". \"Boshqa eshik\nkalit\". \"London klubidagi kecha\", \"Qamoqxona o'ljasi\"\nspektakllarida bosh rollarni o'ynaydi. U o'zining o'n ikki nafar hamkasblari\nbilan shaharma-shahar, qishloqma-qishloq gastrol safarlarida yurar, ko'pincha\nsovuq tomoshaxonalarda sahnaga chiqishga, ba'zan och-nahor qolib ketishga ham\nto'g'ri kelardi... 1910 yili ilk bor Parijning kazo-kazolari tomosha ko'radigan\n\"Olimpiya\", \"Sigal\" kabi teatr sahnalarida rol ijro etish\nCharli Chanlinga nasib etadi. \"London klubidagi kecha\" spektaklida u\npiyonista rolini yuksak mahorat bilan ijro etadiki, tomoshabinlar uni uzoq\nolqishlaydilar. Yosh aktyorning birdan-bir orzusi kinoda o'ynash edi. Nixoyat,\n1914 yili u xayotida ilk marotaba kinokamera oldida ham o'zini sinab ko'radi.\nBu - \"Och qolmaslik uchun pul topish\" deb nomlangan film edi. Charli\nbu filmda o'z manfati uchun xech narsadan tap tortmaydigan qallob rolini o'ynaydi.\nUning qung'iz muylovi, lapanglab yurshni, qo'lidagi hassa tayog'i\ntomoshabinlarning kulgusiga sabab bo'lib, uning nomini tezda mashhur qilib\nyuboradi... Charlining asosiy maqsadi Angliyada qolib ketgan onasini yoniga\nolib kelish edi. Bu borada u Amerika ma'muriyatiga murojat ham qiladi. Biroq\nhech qanday natija bo'lmaydi. \"Esseney\" kinostudiyasi Chanlinga juda\nkatta imkoniyat eshiklarini ochadi. Ya'ni, unga o'zi ssenariy yozib, o'zi\nrejissyorlik qilish, o'zi aktyor yollab, sahna bezaklarini o'zi tanlash huquqini\nberadi. 1915 yili Charli o'n to'rtta filmni suratga oladi. Ayni shu paytlarda\nunga \"Myuchuel\" kompaniyasi haridor bo'ladi. Bundan habar topgan\n\"Esseney\" Charlini saqlab qolish uchun ko'p o'rinadi. Biroq \"Myuchuel\"\nCharli uchun hammasidan ortiqoq narsani taklif etadi. Bu - ijod erkinligi edi!\nYangi kompaniya \"Loun star\" kinostudiyasini uning ihtiyoriga\ntopshiradi. Charlining ijodiy ishiga endi hech kim aralashmaydigan bo'ladi.\nIjodkor uchun bundan-da ortiqroq baht bo'ladimi, ahir? Charli bir yarim yil\nichida o'n ikkita film yaratadi. Bularning bari jahon kinosi tarixida qoladigan\neng sara asarlar edi. U ekranga olib chiqqan qahramonlar hayotda kamsitilgan,\nomadi yurishmagan kichkina insonlar bo'lib, ularning birdan-bir boyligi\nqalbidagi mehr edi. U \"Chempion\", \"Immigrant\",\n\"Miltiklar elkaga olinsin\" singari filmlarida aynan ana shunday qahramonlar\nobrazlarini gavdalantiradi. 1921 yil avgust oyida Charli to'satdan \"Men Yevropaga\nketaman degan qarorga keladi. Uning bu qarori zamirida ikkita maqsad bo'ladi. Birinchisi\nbetob onasini Amerikaga olib kelish bo'lsa, ikkinchisi \"Bolakay\"\nfilmini Yevropada namoyish etish edi. Mashhur kishilarning aksariyatining\nshaxsiy hayoti bo'lgan. Charli hayoti ham bundan mustasno aylanadi. Janjal\nbosdi-bosdi bo'ladi-yu, ammo san'atkorning asab tolalari taranglashib, ruhan\ntoliqadi. Bir vaqtlar qoramol orli pan kemada Amerikaga yo'l olgan Charli bu\nsafar \u201cOlimliq\u201d degan eng zamonaviy kemada Yevropaga qaytadi. Sohilda esa uni\nmisli ko'rilmagan olomon kutib oladi. U Yevropaliklar uchun shu darajada\nmashhur insonga aylangan ediki kemadan tushishi bilan haloyik uni qurshab\noladi. Polisiyachilar uni bir amallab mashinaga o'tkazadilar. \"Rid\"\nmexmonxonasida esa uni yana minglab odamlar kutib oladi. U olomonga guldastalar\nxadya etar, polisiyachilar esa iltimos, mister Chaplin, ularga gul otmang, ular\ngulingizni talashib bir-birlarini mayib qilib qo'yadilar\", deb\nyalinishardi. Eng qizig'i, unga minglab ayollar sevgi izxor qilib xatlar\nyozishar, yanada qiziqrog'i, uch kun ichida Chaplinning 671 nafar qarindoshi\npaydo bo'ladi. Buni qarangki san'atkor bu qarindoshlarini umrida biron marta\nham ko'rmagan ekan. San'atkorga \"Tillining qisqa muxabbati\" (1914),\n\"Bolakay\" (1921 ), \"Parijlik ayol\" (1923), \"Oltin\nvasvasasi\" (1925), \"Dengiz sohilidagi ayol\" (1926).\n\"Sirk\" (1928). \"Katta shahar chiroqlari\" (1931),\n\"Yangi davrlar\" (1936), \"Buyuk diktator\" (1940) \"Rampa\nchiroqlari\"(1952), \"Nyo- Yorkdagi qirol\" (1957) singari ko'plab\nfilmlari katta shuhrat keltiradi. Ayniqsa, \"Katta shahar chiroqlari\"\nasari ustida u uch yil mehnat qiladi va bor mablag'ini sarflaydi. Bu jarayonda\nChaplin o'zini ham, qo'l ostidagilarini ham ayamay ishlatadi. Nixoyat,\nsan'atkor \"Mavritaniya\" kemasiga o'tirib Yevropaga qarab yo'l oladi.\nAngliya, Belgiya, Fransiya. Avstriya va boshqa mamlkatlarda uni iliq kutib\noladilar. So'ng Chaplin Misr, Xindiston, Yaponiya va boshqa yurtlarga safar\nqilib, o'zi yaratgan qahramonlarini dunyoga tanitishga musharraf bo'ladi. U\nkech bo'lsa-da, bahtli hayot kechirishga ham ulgurdi. U ellik to'rt yoshida o'n\nsakkiz yoshli Unaga uylanadi. Ular sakkiz farzandning ota-onasi bo'ladilar.\n1977 yili Charli Chaplin yangi yil bayrami tongida 90 yoshida vafot etadi.<\/font><\/o:p><\/font><\/span><\/span><\/p>","uzc":"

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\u043d\u0430\u0441\u0438\u0431 \u044d\u0442\u0430\u0434\u0438. \"\u041b\u043e\u043d\u0434\u043e\u043d \u043a\u043b\u0443\u0431\u0438\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438 \u043a\u0435\u0447\u0430\"\n\u0441\u043f\u0435\u043a\u0442\u0430\u043a\u043b\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0443 \u043f\u0438\u0451\u043d\u0438\u0441\u0442\u0430 \u0440\u043e\u043b\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u044e\u043a\u0441\u0430\u043a \u043c\u0430<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u043e\u0440\u0430\u0442 \u0431\u0438\u043b\u0430\u043d \u0438\u0436\u0440\u043e \u044d\u0442\u0430\u0434\u0438\u043a\u0438,\n\u0442\u043e\u043c\u043e\u0448\u0430\u0431\u0438\u043d\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u0443\u043d\u0438 \u0443\u0437\u043e<\/span>\u049b<\/span> \u043e\u043b<\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0438\u0448\u043b\u0430\u0439\u0434\u0438\u043b\u0430\u0440.\n\u0401\u0448 \u0430\u043a\u0442\u0451\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0431\u0438\u0440\u0434\u0430\u043d-\u0431\u0438\u0440 \u043e\u0440\u0437\u0443\u0441\u0438  <\/span>\u043a\u0438\u043d\u043e\u0434\u0430 <\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u0439\u043d\u0430\u0448 \u044d\u0434\u0438.\n\u041d\u0438\u0445\u043e\u044f\u0442, 1914 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u0438 \u0443   <\/span>\u0445\u0430\u0451\u0442\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0438\u043b\u043a  <\/span>\u043c\u0430\u0440\u043e\u0442\u0430\u0431\u0430 \n<\/span>\u043a\u0438\u043d\u043e\u043a\u0430\u043c\u0435\u0440\u0430  <\/span>\u043e\u043b\u0434\u0438\u0434\u0430 <\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0430\u043c <\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u0437\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0441\u0438\u043d\u0430\u0431\n\u043a<\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u0440\u0430\u0434\u0438.   <\/span>\u0411\u0443 - \"\u041e\u0447 <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u043e\u043b\u043c\u0430\u0441\u043b\u0438\u043a  <\/span>\u0443\u0447\u0443\u043d  \n<\/span>\u043f\u0443\u043b  <\/span>\u0442\u043e\u043f\u0438\u0448\" \u0434\u0435\u0431\n\u043d\u043e\u043c\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0433\u0430\u043d   <\/span>\u0444\u0438\u043b\u044c\u043c   <\/span>\u044d\u0434\u0438.  \n<\/span>\u0427\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0438   <\/span>\u0431\u0443 \u0444\u0438\u043b\u044c\u043c\u0434\u0430 <\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u0437 \u043c\u0430\u043d\u0444\u0430<\/span>\u0442<\/span>\u0438 \u0443\u0447\u0443\u043d \u0445\u0435\u0447\n\u043d\u0430\u0440\u0441\u0430\u0434\u0430\u043d \u0442\u0430\u043f \u0442\u043e\u0440\u0442\u043c\u0430\u0439\u0434\u0438\u0433\u0430\u043d <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0430\u043b\u043b\u043e\u0431 \u0440\u043e\u00ad\u043b\u0438\u043d\u0438  <\/span><\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u0439\u043d\u0430\u0439\u0434\u0438. \u0423\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0443\u043d<\/span>\u0493<\/span>\u0438\u0437 \u043c\u0443\u0439\u043b\u043e\u0432\u0438,\n\u043b\u0430\u043f\u0430\u043d\u0433\u043b\u0430<\/span>\u0431<\/span> \u044e\u0440\u0448\u043d\u0438, <\/span>\u049b\u045e<\/span>\u043b\u0438\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438   <\/span>\u04b3\u0430\u0441\u0441\u0430 \u0442\u0430\u0451<\/span>\u0493<\/span>\u0438\n\u0442\u043e\u043c\u043e\u0448\u0430\u0431\u0438\u043d\u043b\u0430\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433  <\/span>\u043a\u0443\u043b\u0433\u0443\u0441\u0438\u0433\u0430  <\/span>\u0441\u0430\u0431\u0430\u0431 \u0431<\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u043b\u0438\u0431, \u0443\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433\n\u043d\u043e\u043c\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0442\u0435\u0437\u0434\u0430 \u043c\u0430\u0448<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0443\u0440 <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0438\u043b\u0438\u0431 \u044e\u0431\u043e\u0440\u0430\u0434\u0438<\/span>... \u0427\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0438\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0430\u0441\u043e\u0441\u0438\u0439 \u043c\u0430\u049b\u0441\u0430\u0434\u0438 \u0410\u043d\u0433\u043b\u0438\u044f\u0434\u0430 \u049b\u043e\u043b\u0438\u0431 \u043a\u0435\u0442\u0433\u0430\u043d \u043e\u043d\u0430\u0441\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0451\u043d\u0438\u0433\u0430 \u043e\u043b\u0438\u0431\n\u043a\u0435\u043b\u0438\u0448 \u044d\u0434\u0438. \u0411\u0443 \u0431\u043e\u0440\u0430\u0434\u0430 \u0443 \u0410\u043c\u0435\u0440\u0438\u043a\u0430 \u043c\u0430\u044a\u043c\u0443\u0440\u0438\u044f\u0442\u0438\u0433\u0430 \u043c\u0443\u0440\u043e\u0436\u0430\u0442 \u04b3\u0430\u043c \u049b\u0438\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438. \u0411\u0438\u0440\u043e\u049b \u04b3\u0435\u0447 \u049b\u0430\u043d\u0434\u0430\u0439\n\u043d\u0430\u0442\u0438\u0436\u0430 \u0431\u045e\u043b\u043c\u0430\u0439\u0434\u0438.  <\/span>\"\u042d\u0441\u0441\u0435\u043d\u0435\u0439\"\n\u043a\u0438\u043d\u043e\u0441\u0442\u0443\u0434\u0438\u044f\u0441\u0438 \u0427\u0430\u00ad\u043d\u043b\u0438\u043d\u0433\u0430 \u0436\u0443\u0434\u0430 \u043a\u0430\u0442\u0442\u0430 \u0438\u043c\u043a\u043e\u043d\u0438\u044f\u0442 \u044d\u0448\u0438\u043a\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0438  <\/span>\u043e\u0447\u0430\u0434\u0438. \n<\/span>\u042f\u044a\u043d\u0438,     <\/span>\u0443\u043d\u0433\u0430 \u045e\u0437\u0438 \u0441\u0446\u0435\u043d\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0439   <\/span>\u0451\u0437\u0438\u0431,  \n<\/span>\u045e\u0437\u0438   <\/span>\u0440\u0435\u0436\u0438\u0441\u0441\u0451\u0440\u043b\u0438\u043a \u049b\u0438\u043b\u0438\u0448, \u045e\u0437\u0438 \u0430\u043a\u0442\u0451\u0440\n\u0451\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0431, \u0441\u0430\u04b3\u043d\u0430 \u0431\u0435\u0437\u0430\u043a\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u045e\u0437\u0438 \u0442\u0430\u043d\u043b\u0430\u0448 \u04b3\u0443\u049b\u0443\u049b\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0431\u0435\u0440\u0430\u0434\u0438.   <\/span>1915 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u0438 \u0427\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0438 <\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u043d \u0442\u045e\u0440\u0442\u0442\u0430 \u0444\u0438\u043b\u044c\u043c\u043d\u0438 \u0441\u0443\u0440\u0430\u0442\u0433\u0430 \u043e\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438. \u0410\u0439\u043d\u0438 \u0448\u0443\n\u043f\u0430\u0439\u0442\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0434\u0430   <\/span>\u0443\u043d\u0433\u0430   <\/span>\"\u041c\u044c\u044e\u0447\u0443\u044d\u043b\"   <\/span>\u043a\u043e\u043c\u043f\u0430\u043d\u0438\u044f\u0441\u0438  \n<\/span>\u04b3\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0434\u043e\u0440  <\/span>\u0431\u045e\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438.   <\/span>\u0411\u0443\u043d\u0434\u0430\u043d \u04b3\u0430\u0431\u0430\u0440 \u0442\u043e\u043f\u0433\u0430\u043d  <\/span>\"\u042d\u0441\u0441\u0435\u043d\u0435\u0439\"  <\/span>\u0427\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0441\u0430\u049b\u043b\u0430\u0431  <\/span>\u049b\u043e\u043b\u0438\u0448 \n<\/span>\u0443\u0447\u0443\u043d     <\/span>\u043a\u045e\u043f   <\/span><\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0430\u0434\u0438.\n\u0411\u0438\u0440\u043e<\/span>\u049b<\/span> \"\u041c\u044c\u044e\u0447\u0443\u044d\u043b\" \u0427\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0438 \u0443\u0447\u0443\u043d <\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0430\u043c\u043c\u0430\u0441\u0438\u0434\u0430\u043d \u043e\u0440\u0442\u0438<\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u043e<\/span>\u049b<\/span> \u043d\u0430\u0440\u0441\u0430\u043d\u0438 \u0442\u0430\u00ad\u043a\u043b\u0438\u0444 \u044d\u0442\u0430\u0434\u0438. \u0411\u0443 - \u0438\u0436\u043e\u0434\n\u044d\u0440\u043a\u0438\u043d\u043b\u0438\u0433\u0438 \u044d\u0434\u0438!    <\/span>\u042f\u043d\u0433\u0438 \u043a\u043e\u043c\u043f\u0430\u043d\u0438\u044f \"\u041b\u043e\u0443\u043d\n\u0441\u0442\u0430\u0440\" \u043a\u0438\u043d\u043e\u0441\u0442\u0443\u0434\u0438\u044f\u0441\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0443\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0438\u04b3\u0442\u0438\u0451\u0440\u0438\u0433\u0430 \u0442\u043e\u043f\u0448\u0438\u0440\u0430\u0434\u0438. \u0427\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0438\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0438\u0436\u043e\u0434\u0438\u0439 \u0438\u0448\u0438\u0433\u0430\n\u044d\u043d\u0434\u0438 <\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0435\u0447 \u043a\u0438\u043c \u0430\u0440\u0430\u043b\u0430\u0448\u043c\u0430\u0439\u0434\u0438\u0433\u0430\u043d    <\/span>\u0431\u045e\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438.   \n<\/span>\u0418\u0436\u043e\u0434\u043a\u043e\u0440 \u0443\u0447\u0443\u043d \u0431\u0443\u043d\u0434\u0430\u043d-\u0434\u0430 \u043e\u0440\u0442\u0438\u049b\u0440\u043e\u049b \u0431\u0430\u04b3\u0442 \u0431\u045e\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438\u043c\u0438, \u0430\u04b3\u0438\u0440? \u0427\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0438 \u0431\u0438\u0440 \u044f\u0440\u0438\u043c \u0439\u0438\u043b\n\u0438\u0447\u0438\u0434\u0430 <\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u043d \u0438\u043a\u043a\u0438\u0442\u0430 \u0444\u0438\u043b\u044c\u043c \u044f\u0440\u0430\u0442\u0430\u0434\u0438. <\/span>\u0411\u0443\u043b\u0430\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0431\u0430\u0440\u0438   <\/span>\u0436\u0430<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u043e\u043d \u043a\u0438\u043d\u043e\u0441\u0438\n\u0442\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0445\u0438\u0434\u0430 <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u043e\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438\u0433\u0430\u043d \u044d\u043d\u0433 \u0441\u0430\u0440\u0430 \u0430\u0441\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u044d\u0434\u0438.  \n<\/span>\u0423  <\/span>\u044d\u043a\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0433\u0430  <\/span>\u043e\u043b\u0438\u0431 \n<\/span>\u0447\u0438<\/span>\u049b\u049b<\/span>\u0430\u043d <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0430<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0440\u0430\u043c\u043e\u043d\u043b\u0430\u0440     <\/span><\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0430\u0451\u0442\u0434\u0430     <\/span>\u043a\u0430\u043c\u0441\u0438\u0442\u0438\u043b\u0433\u0430\u043d,   <\/span>\u043e\u043c\u0430\u0434\u0438  \n<\/span>\u044e\u0440\u0438\u0448\u043c\u0430\u0433\u0430\u043d \u043a\u0438\u0447\u043a\u0438\u043d\u0430 \u0438\u043d\u0441\u043e<\/span>\u043d<\/span>\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u0431<\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u043b\u0438\u0431<\/span>,<\/span> \u0443\u043b\u0430\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433\n\u0431\u0438\u0440\u0434\u0430\u043d-\u0431\u0438\u0440   <\/span>\u0431\u043e\u0439\u043b\u0438\u0433\u0438        <\/span><\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0430\u043b\u0431\u0438\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438   <\/span>\u043c\u0435<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0440 \u044d\u0434\u0438.   <\/span>\u0423 \n<\/span>\"\u0427\u0435\u043c\u043f\u0438\u043e\u043d\", \n<\/span>\"\u0418\u043c\u043c\u0438\u0433\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0442\", \"\u041c\u0438\u043b\u0442\u0438\u043a\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u0435\u043b\u043a\u0430\u0433\u0430 \u043e\u043b\u0438\u043d\u0441\u0438\u043d\" \u0441\u0438\u043d\u0433\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u0444\u0438\u043b\u044c\u043c\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0434\u0430\n\u0430\u0439\u043d\u0430\u043d \u0430\u043d\u0430 \u0448\u0443\u043d\u0434\u0430\u0439 <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0430<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0440\u0430\u043c\u043e\u043d\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u043e\u0431\u0440\u0430\u0437\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0433\u0430\u0432\u0434\u0430\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0442\u0438\u0440\u0430\u0434\u0438.<\/span> <\/span>1921 \u0439\u0438\u043b \u0430\u0432\u0433\u0443\u0441\u0442 \u043e\u0439\u0438\u0434\u0430\n\u0427\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0438 \u0442<\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u0441\u0430\u0442\u0434\u0430<\/span>\u043d<\/span> \"\u041c\u0435\u043d \u0415\u0432\u0440\u043e\u043f\u0430\u0433\u0430 \u043a\u0435\u0442\u0430\u043c\u0430<\/span>\u043d<\/span> \u0434\u0435\u0433\u0430\u043d <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0430\u0440\u043e\u0440\u0433\u0430\n\u043a\u0435\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438. \u0423\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0431\u0443 <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0430\u0440\u043e\u0440\u0438 \u0437\u0430\u043c\u0438\u0440\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0438\u043a\u043a\u0438\u0442\u0430 \u043c\u0430<\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0441\u0430\u0434<\/span> \u0431\u045e\u043b\u0430<\/span>\u0434\u0438.\n\u0411\u0438\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0447\u0438\u0441\u0438 \u0431\u0435\u0442\u043e\u0431 \u043e\u043d\u0430\u0441\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0410\u043c\u0435\u0440\u0438\u043a\u0430\u0433\u0430 \u043e\u043b\u0438\u0431 \u043a\u0435\u043b\u0438\u0448 \u0431<\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u043b\u0441\u0430,\n\u0438\u043a\u043a\u0438\u043d\u0447\u0438\u0441\u0438 \"\u0411\u043e\u043b\u0430\u043a\u0430\u0439\" <\/span>\u0444\u0438\u043b\u044c\u043c\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0415\u0432\u0440\u043e\u043f\u0430\u0434\u0430 \u043d\u0430\u043c\u043e\u0439\u0438\u0448 \u044d\u0442\u0438\u0448 \u044d\u0434\u0438.\n\u041c\u0430\u0448<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0443\u0440\n\u043a\u0438\u0448\u0438\u043b\u0430\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0430\u043a\u0441\u0430\u0440\u0438\u044f\u0442\u0438\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0448\u0430<\/span>\u0445<\/span>\u0441\u0438\u0439\n<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0430\u0451\u0442\u0438  <\/span>\u0431<\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u043b\u0433\u0430<\/span>\u043d<\/span>.\n\u0427\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0438  <\/span><\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0430\u0451\u0442\u0438   <\/span><\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0430\u043c \n<\/span>\u0431\u0443\u043d\u0434\u0430\u043d   <\/span>\u043c\u0443\u0441\u0442\u0430\u0441\u043d\u043e<\/span> <\/span>\u0430\u0439\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0430\u0434\u0438.    <\/span>\u0416\u0430\u043d\u0436\u0430\u043b   \n<\/span>\u0431\u043e\u0441\u0434\u0438-\u0431\u043e\u0441\u0434\u0438 \u0431<\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438-\u044e,     <\/span>\u0430\u043c\u043c\u043e    \n<\/span>\u0441\u0430\u043d\u044a\u0430\u0442\u043a\u043e\u0440\u043d\u0438<\/span>\u043d<\/span>\u0433 \u0430\u0441\u0430\u0431 \u0442\u043e\u043b\u0430\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u0442\u0430\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0433\u043b\u0430\u0448\u0438\u0431, \u0440\u0443<\/span><\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0430\u043d \u0442\u043e\u043b\u0438<\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0430\u0434\u0438. \u0411\u0438\u0440 \u0432\u0430<\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0442\u043b\u0430\u0440 <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u043e\u0440\u0430\u043c\u043e\u043b \u043e\u0440<\/span>\u043b<\/span>\u0438<\/span> <\/span> <\/span>\u043f\u0430\u043d \u043a\u0435\u043c\u0430\u0434\u0430 \u0410\u043c\u0435\u0440\u0438\u043a\u0430\u0433\u0430 \u0439<\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u043b \u043e\u043b\u0433\u0430\u043d\n\u0427\u0430\u0440\u043b\u0438 \u0431\u0443 \u0441\u0430\u0444\u0430\u0440<\/span>\n\u201c<\/span>\u041e\u043b\u0438\u043c<\/span>\u043b<\/span>\u0438<\/span>\u049b\u201d<\/span> \u0434\u0435\u0433\u0430\u043d \u044d\u043d\u0433   <\/span>\u0437\u0430\u043c\u043e\u043d\u0430\u0432\u0438\u0439    <\/span>\u043a\u0435\u043c\u0430\u0434\u0430  \n<\/span>\u0415\u0432\u0440\u043e\u043


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