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Singular and Plural Nouns

Singular and Plural Nouns

(Birlikdagi va ko‘plikdagi otlar)

Ø A noun names a person, place, thing, or idea.

(Ot so‘z turkumi shaxsni, joy nomini, predmetlarni yoki fikrni atab keladi).

Ø For the plural form of most nouns, add s.

(Aksariyat ot turkumidagi so‘zlarni ko‘plikdagi shakli “s” harfini qo‘shish orqali yasaladi).

  • bottle – bottles
  • cup – cups
  • pencil – pencils
  • desk – desks
  • sticker – stickers
  • window – windows

 

Ø For nouns that end in ch, x, ss, or s sounds, add es.

(ch,x,ss  yoki s tovushlari bilan tugagan so‘zlarga “es” qo‘shiladi).

  • box – boxes
  • watch – watches
  • moss – mosses
  • bus – buses

 

Ø For nouns ending in f or fe, change f to v and add es.

(f  yoki fe tovushlari bilan tugagan so‘zlarda f  tovushi v tovushiga o‘zgaradi va “es” qo‘shiladi).

  • wolf – wolves
  • wife – wives
  • leaf – leaves
  • life – lives

 

Ø Some nouns have different plural forms.

(Ba’zi otlar ko‘plik shaklida o‘zgaradi).

  • child – children
  • woman – women
  • man – men
  • mouse – mice
  • goose – geese

 

 

Quydagi otlarni ko‘plikdagi shakliga e’tibor bering!

  • baby – babies
  • toy – toys
  • kidney – kidneys
  • potato – potatoes
  • memo – memos
  • stereo – stereos

 

Ø A few nouns have the same singular and plural forms.

(Ba’zi otlarning ko‘plikdagi shakli ham birlikdagi shakli ham bir xil bo‘ladi).

  • sheep – sheep
  • deer – deer
  • series – series
  • species – species


Quiz 1.1
Choose the correct form of the noun in each sentence.

(Qavs ichida berilgan so‘zlarni mosini qo‘yib, gaplarni ko‘chiring).


1) I have three (child, children).
2) There are five (man, men) and one (woman, women).
3) (Baby, Babies) play with bottles as toys.
4) I put two big (potato, potatoes) in the lunch box.
5) A few men wear (watch, watches).
6) I put a (memo, memos) on the desk.
7) I saw a (mouse, mice) running by.
8) There are few (bus, buses) on the road today.

 

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