Ø A noun names a person, place, thing, or idea.
(Ot so‘z turkumi shaxsni, joy
nomini, predmetlarni yoki fikrni atab keladi).
Ø For the plural form of most nouns, add s.
(Aksariyat ot turkumidagi so‘zlarni
ko‘plikdagi shakli “s” harfini qo‘shish orqali yasaladi).
- bottle – bottles
- cup – cups
- pencil – pencils
- desk – desks
- sticker – stickers
- window – windows
Ø For nouns that end in ch, x, ss, or s sounds, add
(ch,x,ss yoki s tovushlari bilan tugagan so‘zlarga
- box – boxes
- watch – watches
- moss – mosses
- bus – buses
Ø For nouns ending in f or fe, change f to v and add
yoki fe tovushlari bilan tugagan so‘zlarda f tovushi v tovushiga o‘zgaradi va “es”
- wolf – wolves
- wife – wives
- leaf – leaves
- life – lives
Ø Some nouns have different plural forms.
(Ba’zi otlar ko‘plik shaklida
- child – children
- woman – women
- man – men
- mouse – mice
- goose – geese
Quydagi otlarni ko‘plikdagi
shakliga e’tibor bering!
- baby – babies
- toy – toys
- kidney – kidneys
- potato – potatoes
- memo – memos
- stereo – stereos
Ø A few nouns have the same singular and plural forms.
(Ba’zi otlarning ko‘plikdagi
shakli ham birlikdagi shakli ham bir xil bo‘ladi).
- sheep – sheep
- deer – deer
- series – series
- species – species
Choose the correct form of the noun in each sentence.
(Qavs ichida berilgan so‘zlarni
mosini qo‘yib, gaplarni ko‘chiring).
1) I have three (child, children).
2) There are five (man, men) and one (woman, women).
3) (Baby, Babies) play with bottles as toys.
4) I put two big (potato, potatoes) in the lunch box.
5) A few men wear (watch, watches).
6) I put a (memo, memos) on the desk.
7) I saw a (mouse, mice) running by.
8) There are few (bus, buses) on the road today.