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Геолог олим Ҳабиб Абдуллайев таваллуд топган кун
1912-08-31

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 <\/span><\/span>H<\/span>abib Abdullayev <\/span>Muhamedovich <\/span>(<\/span> 1912.31<\/span>.<\/span>08<\/span> <\/span>Aravon qishlog\u2019ida<\/span>\n<\/span> <\/span>tavallud topgan \u2014 geolog olim, <\/span>d<\/span>avlat va jamoat arbobi. <\/span>O\u2018<\/span>zb<\/span>e<\/span>kiston<\/span> <\/span>fanlar<\/span> <\/span>a<\/span>kad<\/span>emigi<\/span> <\/span> <\/span>(1947). geologiya<\/span>-minera<\/span>\u00adlogiya<\/span> <\/span>fanlari<\/span> <\/span>d<\/span>oktori<\/span> (1946). O\u2018<\/span>rta<\/span> <\/span>Osi<\/span>yo<\/span> <\/span>in<\/span>\u00addustriya<\/span> <\/span>institutining<\/span> <\/span>konchilik<\/span> <\/span>f<\/span>akult<\/span>etini<\/span> <\/span>tugatgach<\/span> (1935). geologiya<\/span>-razvedka<\/span> <\/span>partiyasi<\/span> <\/span>boshli<\/span>g\u2018<\/span>i<\/span> <\/span>keyinro<\/span>q<\/span>)\n\"O\u2018<\/span>bekistondagi<\/span> <\/span>Langar<\/span> <\/span>volfram<\/span>-molibden<\/span> <\/span>konining<\/span> <\/span>g<\/span>e<\/span>ologik<\/span> <\/span>t<\/span>uzilishi<\/span>, mineral<\/span> <\/span>tarkibi<\/span> <\/span>va<\/span> <\/span>h<\/span>osil<\/span> <\/span>b<\/span>o\u2018<\/span>lishini<\/span> <\/span>tad<\/span>q<\/span>i<\/span>q<\/span> <\/span>q<\/span>ildi<\/span>. 1940 <\/span>yi<\/span>l<\/span>dan<\/span> <\/span>O\u2018<\/span>rta Osi<\/span>yo<\/span> industriya in<\/span>stituti<\/span>ning foydali <\/span>q<\/span>azilmalar kafedrasida dotsent, s<\/span>o\u2018<\/span>n<\/span>gra<\/span> shu in<\/span>stitut<\/span>da direktor. 1942 <\/span>yildan<\/span> <\/span>O\u2018<\/span>zbekiston <\/span>h<\/span>ukuma<\/span>ti<\/span> <\/span> <\/span>raisinin<\/span>g<\/span> <\/span>o\u2018<\/span>rinbosari. 1944 y<\/span>il<\/span>dan ayni va<\/span>q<\/span>tda Davlat plan komissiyasi raisi. 1946 <\/span>y<\/span>il <\/span>\u201cO\u2018<\/span>rta Osiyoning sheelitli skarnlari\ngeologiyasi<\/span>\u201d<\/span> mavzuida d<\/span>okto<\/span>rlik dissertatsiyasini yo<\/span>q<\/span>ladi va bu\nasar 1947 <\/span>y<\/span>il<\/span>d<\/span>a nashr etildi. A<\/span>bdulla<\/span>y<\/span>ev<\/span> 1947 y<\/span>il<\/span>dan <\/span>O\u2018<\/span>zbekiston  <\/span>vitse-prezidenti. Ayni\nva<\/span>q<\/span>tda Geologiya <\/span>i<\/span>n<\/span>stituti<\/span> dir<\/span>e<\/span>ktori <\/span>h<\/span>amda uning Petrologiya va metallogeniya b<\/span>o\u2018<\/span>limi ra<\/span>h<\/span>bari. A<\/span>bdulla<\/span>y<\/span>ev<\/span> 1952 \u2014 55 y<\/span>il<\/span>larda <\/span>O\u2018<\/span>zbekiston  <\/span>texnika va geologiya-kimyo\nfanlari b<\/span>o\u2018<\/span>limining ra\u00adisi. 1955\u201456 yillarda <\/span>O\u2018<\/span>zbekiston <\/span>h<\/span>ukumati raisining <\/span>o\u2018<\/span>rinbosari va\n1956 <\/span>yildan<\/span> <\/span>O\u2018<\/span>zbekiston Fanlar akademiyasi prezidenti. A<\/span>bdulla<\/span>y<\/span>ev<\/span> 1959 y<\/span>illar<\/span>da ruda paydo b<\/span>o\u2018<\/span>lishining granitoid intruziyalar b<\/span>ilan<\/span> genetik bo<\/span>g\u2018<\/span>liqligi so<\/span>h<\/span>asidagi ilmiy ishi uchun yuksak mukofot b<\/span>ilan<\/span> ta<\/span>q<\/span>dirlangan. U endogen ruda <\/span>h<\/span>osil b<\/span>o\u2018<\/span>lishi nazariyasini rivojlantirdi. 130 dan orti<\/span>q<\/span> il\u00admiy asar (jumladan. 7 monografiya) yozgan. A<\/span>bdulla<\/span>y<\/span>ev<\/span> Toshkent va\nMoskvada nashr etilgan k<\/span>o\u2018<\/span>pgi<\/span>n<\/span>a m<\/span>o<\/span>\u2019tabar ilmiy jurnallar, t<\/span>o<\/span>\u2019plamlar, ilmiy-ommabop nashrlarning mas\u2019ul mu<\/span>h<\/span>arriri, ta<\/span>h<\/span>rir <\/span>h<\/span>ay\u2019at<\/span>i<\/span> a\u2019zosi edi, jumladan <\/span>O\u2018<\/span>rta Osiyoda\nbirinchi \u2014<\/span>\u201cO\u2018<\/span>zbekiston geologiya jurnali<\/span>\u201d<\/span>ni tashkil <\/span>q<\/span>ildi va uning mas\u2019ul mu<\/span>h<\/span>arriri b<\/span>o\u2018<\/span>ldi.<\/span> <\/span>Abdulla<\/span>y<\/span>ev volfram, qalay, rangli va qora metallar\nruda konlarining turli yo<\/span>\u2019<\/span>llar bilan hosil bo<\/span>\u2019<\/span>lganligini k<\/span>o\u2019<\/span>rsatib berdi. Abdullayev ruda paydo bo\u2018lish jarayonlarini magmatizm\nhamda bu jarayonlar ro\u2018y beradigan geologik muhit ta\u2019siri bilan chambarchas\nbog\u2018liq, ekanligini  <\/span>aniqladi. Uning\nbevosita ishtiroki va rahbarligida \u201cChatqol-Qurama tog\u2018lari magmatizmn va\nmetallogeniyasining asosiy xususiyatlari\u201d monografiyasi yaratildi (1957).\n\u201cO\u2018rta Osi<\/span>yo<\/span> magmatizmi va rudalanish\njarayoni\u201d asari nashr etildi. (1960).<\/span> <\/span>Abdullayevning\nso\u2018nggi turkum ishlaridan biri \u201cRuda-petrografiya provinsiyalari va ularni\ntasniflash masalalari\u201d (1961) bo\u2018ldi. Jahondagi barcha yirik ruda konlari\nshakllanish  <\/span>xususiyatlariga\nbag\u2018ishlangan \u201cMetallogeniya\u2014 foydali qazilma     <\/span>konlarini qidirib  <\/span>topishning geologik asosi\u201d grafiyasi uchun\n1970 yilda (vafotidan   <\/span>keyin) Beruniy\nnomidagi O\u2018zbekiston Davlat mukofoti berilgan. Abdullayev region kengashlar,\nXalqaro geologiya kongressining, bir necha sessiyalarning faol tashkilotchisi,\nqatnashchsi, kengash to\u2018plamlarining muhar\u00adriri bo\u2018lgan. Abdullayev bir necha\nchet el geol<\/span>ogiya<\/span> jamiyatlari a\u2019zosi edi.\nO\u2018zbekiston Respublikasi miqyosidagi ko\u2018pgina ilmiy va ilmiy-texnika\njamiyatlariga, qo\u2018mitalariga boshchilik qilgan. Asar\u00adlari o\u2018zbek va rus\ntillarida nashr etil\u00adgan. Bular orasida O\u2018zbekistonda fan, ilmiy-texnika,\niqtisodiyot va madaniyat ravnaqiga bag\u2018ishlanganlari anchagina. Abdullayev\nO\u2018zbekistondagina  <\/span>emas, balki butun\nO\u2018rta Osiyodagi geologik ishlab chiqarishda, ilmiy muassasalar va oliy o\u2019quv\nyurtlarida ishlaydigan katta jamoani birlashtirgan ilmiy maktabning\ntashkilotchisi va rahbari bo\u2019ldi. Abdullayev 1950 yildan umrining oxirigacha\nmineralogiya jamiyati O\u2018zbekiston bo\u2018limini boshqardi. 1960 yildan Fransiya\ngeol<\/span>ogiya <\/span>va Buyuk Britaniya Qirollik\nmineralogiya jamiyatlarining a\u2019zosi. Tanlangan asarlaridan 7 jildi nashr etilgan\n(1964 \u2014 69). Abdullayevning hayoti va ilmiy hamda jamoatchilik faoliyati haqida\nbir qancha olimlar muallifligida \"Esdaliklar\" chiqarilgan.\nO\u2018zbekiston Fanlar akademiyasi Geologiya va giofizka insitutiga va Toshkent\nshahridagi katta ko\u2019chalardan biriga, Akmal Ikromov tumanidagi mahallaga, Tosh\u00adkent\nmetrosi stansiyalaridan biriga, 193-maktabga. Ulug<\/span>\u2019<\/span>bek shaharchasida ko<\/span>\u2019<\/span>cha va boshqa\nob\u2019ektlarga Abdull<\/span>y<\/span>aev nomi beril\u00adgan. Geol<\/span>ogiya<\/span> va geofizika instituti binosiga. ToshTU\ngeologiya-razvedka fakul\u2019teti binosiga yodgorlik taxtasi o\u2018rnatilgan. H. M.\nAbdullayev nomida \u201cOltin medal\u201d ta\u2019sis etilgan (1992). O\u2019sh shahridagi katta ko\u2019chalardan\nbiri. Abdullayev tug\u2019ilib o\u2019sgan Aravondagi maktab va ko\u2019cha ham Abdullayev\nnomi bilan atalgan. Geologiya va geofizika instituti qoshida Abdullayev hayoti\nva ijodiga bag\u2019ishlangan muzey tashkil qilingan. <\/span><\/p>","uzc":"\n\n\n

\u04b2<\/span>\u0430\u0431\u0438\u0431\n\u0410\u0431\u0434\u0443\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0435\u0432 \u041c\u0443\u04b3<\/span>\u0430\u043c\u0435\u0434\u043e\u0432\u0438\u0447 \n<\/span>1912.31.\u0430\u0432\u0433\u0443\u0441\u0442 <\/span> <\/span><\/span>\u040e<\/span>\u0448 \u0448\u0430<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u0440\u0438<\/span> <\/span>\u044f<\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0438<\/span>\u043d\u0438\u0434<\/span>\u0430<\/span>\u0433\u0438 \u0410\u0440\u0430\u0432\u043e\u043d <\/i><\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0438\u0448\u043b\u043e\u0493<\/span>\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0442\u0430\u0432\u0430\u043b<\/span>\u043b\u0443\u0434\n\u0442\u043e\u043f\u0433\u0430\u043d. \u0413<\/span>\u0435\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0433 \u043e\u043b\u0438\u043c, \u0434<\/span>\u0430\u0432\u043b\u0430\u0442\n\u0432\u0430 \u0436\u0430\u043c\u043e\u0430\u0442 \u0430\u0440\u0431\u043e\u0431\u0438. \u040e<\/span>\u0437\u0431\u0435<\/span>\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u043e\u043d \u0444\u0430<\/span>\u043d\u043b\u0430\u0440 <\/span> <\/span>\u0430\u043a\u0430\u0434\u0435\u043c\u0438\u0433\u0438 <\/span> <\/span>(1947). \u0433\u0435\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0438\u044f-\u043c\u0438\u043d\u0435\u0440\u0430\u00ad\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0438\u044f \u0444\u0430\u043d\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u0434\u043e\u043a\u0442\u043e\u0440\u0438<\/span> (1946). \u040e<\/span>\u0440\u0442\u0430 \u041e\u0441\u0438\u0451<\/span> \u0438\u043d\u0434\u0443\u0441\u0442\u0440\u0438\u044f \u0438\u043d\u0441\u0442\u0438\u0442\u0443\u0442\u0438\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 <\/span> <\/span><\/span>\u043a\u043e\u043d\u0447\u0438\u043b\u0438\u043a \u0444\u0430\u043a\u0443\u043b\u044a\u0442<\/span>\u0435\u0442\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0442\u0443\u0433\u0430\u0442\u0433\u0430\u0447 (1935) \u0433\u0435\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0438\u044f-\u0440\u0430\u0437\u0432\u0435\u0434\u043a\u0430\n\u043f\u0430\u0440\u0442\u0438\u044f\u0441\u0438 \u0431\u043e\u0448\u043b\u0438\u0493<\/span>\u0438 \u041a\u0435\u0439\u0438\u043d\u0440\u043e\u049b<\/span> <\/span>\"\u040e<\/span>\u0431\u0435\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u043e\u043d\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438 <\/span>\u041b\u0430\u043d\u0433\u0430\u0440 \u0432\u043e\u043b\u044c\u0444\u0440\u0430\u043c-<\/span>\u043c\u043e\u043b\u0438\u0431\u0434\u0435\u043d\n\u043a\u043e\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0433\u0435<\/span>\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0438\u043a \u0442<\/span>\u0443\u0437\u0438\u043b\u0438\u0448\u0438, \u043c\u0438\u043d\u0435\u0440\u0430\u043b \u0442\u0430\u0440\u043a\u0438\u0431\u0438\n\u0432\u0430 \u04b3<\/span>\u043e\u0441\u0438\u043b\n\u0431\u045e<\/span>\u043b\u0438\u0448\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0442\u0430\u0434\u049b<\/span>\u0438\u049b<\/span> <\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0438. 1940 \u0439\u0438<\/span>\u043b\u0434\u0430\u043d<\/span> <\/span>\u040e<\/span>\u0440\u0442\u0430 \u041e\u0441\u0438\u0451<\/span>\n\u0438\u043d\u0434\u0443\u0441\u0442\u0440\u0438\u044f \u0438\u043d\u0441\u0442\u0438\u0442\u0443\u0442\u0438<\/span>\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433\n\u0444\u043e\u0439\u0434\u0430\u043b\u0438 \u049b<\/span>\u0430\u0437\u0438\u043b\u043c\u0430\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u043a\u0430\u0444\u0435\u0434\u0440\u0430\u0441\u0438\u0434\u0430 \u0434\u043e\u00ad\u0446\u0435\u043d\u0442, \u0441\u045e<\/span>\u043d\u0433\u0440\u0430<\/span> \u0448\u0443 \u0438\u043d\u0441\u0442\u0438\u0442\u0443\u0442<\/span>\u0434\u0430 \u0434\u0438\u0440\u0435\u043a\u0442\u043e\u0440. 1942 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0430\u043d<\/span> <\/span>\u040e<\/span>\u0437\u0431\u0435\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u043e\u043d \u04b3<\/span>\u0443\u043a\u0443\u043c\u0430\u0442\u0438<\/span> <\/span> <\/span>\u0440\u0430\u0438\u0441\u0438\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433<\/span> <\/span>\u045e<\/span>\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0431\u043e\u0441\u0430\u0440\u0438. 1944 \u0439\u0438\u043b<\/span>\u0434\u0430\u043d \u0430\u0439\u043d\u0438 \u0432\u0430\u049b<\/span>\u0442\u0434\u0430 \u0414\u0430\u0432\u043b\u0430\u0442 \u043f\u043b\u0430\u043d \u043a\u043e\u043c\u0438\u0441\u0441\u0438\u044f\u0441\u0438 \u0440\u0430\u0438\u0441\u0438. 1946 \u0439<\/span>\u0438\u043b \u201c\u040e<\/span>\u0440\u0442\u0430 \u041e\u0441\u0438\u0451\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0448\u0435\u0435\u043b\u0438\u0442\u043b\u0438 \u0441\u043a\u0430\u0440\u043d\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\n\u0433\u0435\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0438\u044f\u0441\u0438\u201d<\/span> \u043c\u0430\u0432\u0437\u0443\u0441\u0438\u0434\u0430\n\u0434\u043e\u043a\u0442\u043e<\/span>\u0440\u043b\u0438\u043a\n\u0434\u0438\u0441\u0441\u0435\u0440\u0442\u0430\u0446\u0438\u044f\u0441\u0438\u043d\u0438 \u0451\u049b<\/span>\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0438 \u0432\u0430 \u0431\u0443 \u0430\u0441\u0430\u0440 1947 \u0439<\/span>\u0438\u043b\u0434<\/span>\u0430 \u043d\u0430\u0448\u0440 \u044d\u0442\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0438. <\/span>\u0410\u0431\u0434\u0443\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0435\u0432<\/span> 1947 \u0439\u0438\u043b<\/span>\u0434\u0430\u043d \u040e<\/span>\u0437\u0431\u0435\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u043e\u043d \u0424\u0430\u043d\u043b\u0430\u0440 <\/span>\u0410\u043a\u0430\u0434\u0435\u043c\u0438\u044f\u0441\u0438 <\/span> <\/span>\u0432\u0438\u0446\u0435-\u043f\u0440\u0435\u0437\u0438\u0434\u0435\u043d\u0442\u0438. \u0410\u0439\u043d\u0438 \u0432\u0430\u049b<\/span>\u0442\u0434\u0430 \u0413\u0435\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0438\u044f \u0438<\/span>\u043d\u0441\u0442\u0438\u0442\u0443\u0442\u0438<\/span> \u0434\u0438\u0440\u0435<\/span>\u043a\u0442\u043e\u0440\u0438 \u04b3<\/span>\u0430\u043c\u0434\u0430 \u0443\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433\n\u041f\u0435\u0442\u0440\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0438\u044f \u0432\u0430 \u043c\u0435\u0442\u0430\u043b\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0435\u043d\u0438\u044f \u0431\u045e<\/span>\u043b\u0438\u043c\u0438\n\u0440\u0430\u04b3<\/span>\u0431\u0430\u0440\u0438.\n\u0410\u0431\u0434\u0443\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0435\u0432<\/span> 1952 \u2014 55 \u0439\u0438\u043b<\/span>\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0434\u0430 \u040e<\/span>\u0437\u0431\u0435\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u043e\u043d \u0444\u0430\u043d \u0442\u0435\u0445\u043d\u0438\u043a\u0430 \u0432\u0430 \u0433\u0435\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0438\u044f-\u043a\u0438\u043c\u0451\n\u0444\u0430\u043d\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u0431\u045e<\/span>\u043b\u0438\u043c\u0438\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0440\u0430\u00ad\u0438\u0441\u0438.\n1955\u201456 \u0439\u0438\u043b<\/span>\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0434\u0430 \u040e<\/span>\u0437\u0431\u0435\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u043e\u043d \u04b3<\/span>\u0443\u043a\u0443\u043c\u0430\u0442\u0438\n\u0440\u0430\u0438\u0441\u0438\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u045e<\/span>\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0431\u043e\u0441\u0430\u0440\u0438\n\u0432\u0430 1956 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0430\u043d<\/span> <\/span>\u040e<\/span>\u0437\u0431\u0435\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u043e\u043d\n\u0424\u0430\u043d\u043b\u0430\u0440 <\/span>\u0410\u043a\u0430\u0434\u0435\u043c\u0438\u044f\u0441\u0438 <\/span> <\/span>\u043f\u0440\u0435\u0437\u0438\u0434\u0435\u043d\u0442\u0438. \u0410\u0431\u0434\u0443\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0435\u0432<\/span> 1959 \u0439\u0438\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0440<\/span>\u0434\u0430 \u0440\u0443\u0434\u0430 \u043f\u0430\u0439\u0434\u043e \u0431\u045e<\/span>\u043b\u0438\u0448\u0438\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0433\u0440\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0442\u043e\u0438\u0434 \u0438\u043d\u0442\u0440\u0443\u0437\u0438\u044f\u043b\u0430\u0440 \u0431\u0438\u043b\u0430\u043d<\/span> \u0433\u0435\u043d\u0435\u0442\u0438\u043a \u0431\u043e\u0493<\/span>\u043b\u0438\u043a\u043b\u0438\u0433\u0438\n\u0441\u043e\u04b3<\/span>\u0430\u0441\u0438\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438\n\u0438\u043b\u043c\u0438\u0439 \u0438\u0448\u0438 \u0443\u0447\u0443\u043d \u044e\u043a\u0441\u0430\u043a \u043c\u0443\u043a\u043e\u0444\u043e\u0442 \u0431\u0438\u043b\u0430\u043d<\/span>\n\u0442\u0430\u049b<\/span>\u0434\u0438\u0440\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0433\u0430\u043d.\n\u0423 \u044d\u043d\u0434\u043e\u0433\u0435\u043d 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\u0442\u045e<\/span>\u043f\u043b\u0430\u043c\u043b\u0430\u0440,\n\u0438\u043b\u043c\u0438\u0439-\u043e\u043c\u043c\u0430\u0431\u043e\u043f \u043d\u0430\u0448\u0440\u043b\u0430\u0440\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u043c\u0430\u0441\u044a\u0443\u043b \u043c\u0443\u04b3<\/span>\u0430\u0440\u0440\u0438\u0440\u0438, \u0442\u0430\u04b3<\/span>\u0440\u0438\u0440 \u04b3<\/span>\u0430\u0439\u044a\u0430\u0442\u0438<\/span> \u0430\u044a\u0437\u043e\u0441\u0438 \u044d\u0434\u0438, \u0436\u0443\u043c\u043b\u0430\u0434\u0430\u043d \u040e<\/span>\u0440\u0442\u0430 \u041e\u0441\u0438\u0451\u0434\u0430 \u0431\u0438\u0440\u0438\u043d\u0447\u0438 \u2014\u201c\u040e<\/span>\u0437\u0431\u0435\u043a\u0438\u0441\u0442\u043e\u043d \u0433\u0435\u043e\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0438\u044f\n\u0436\u0443\u0440\u043d\u0430\u043b\u0438\u201d<\/span>\u043d\u0438 \u0442\u0430\u0448\u043a\u0438\u043b \u049b<\/span>\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0438\n\u0432\u0430 \u0443\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u043c\u0430\u0441\u044a\u0443\u043b 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\u201c\u0427\u043e\u0442<\/span>\u049b<\/span>\u043e\u043b-<\/span>\u049a<\/span>\u0443\u0440\u0430\u043c\u0430 \u0442\u043e<\/span>\u0493<\/span>\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u043c\u0430\u0433\u043c\u0430\u0442\u0438\u0437\u043c \u0432\u0430 \u043c\u0435\u0442\u0430\u043b\u043b\u043e\u0433\u0435\u043d\u0438\u044f\u0441\u0438\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0430\u0441\u043e\u0441\u0438\u0439 \u0445\u0443\u0441\u0443\u0441\u0438\u044f\u0442\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u201d \u043c\u043e\u043d\u043e\u0433\u0440\u0430\u0444\u0438\u044f\u0441\u0438\n\u044f\u0440\u0430\u0442\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0438 (1957). \u201c\u040e\u0440\u0442\u0430 \u041e\u0441\u0438\u0451 \u043c\u0430\u0433\u043c\u0430\u0442\u0438\u0437\u043c\u0438 \u0432\u0430 \u0440\u0443\u0434\u0430\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0448 \u0436\u0430\u0440\u0430\u0451\u043d\u0438\u201d \u0430\u0441\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u043d\u0430\u0448\u0440 \u044d\u0442\u0438\u043b\u0434\u0438.\n(1960). \u0410\u0431\u0434\u0443\u043b\u043b\u0430\u0435\u0432\u043d\u0438\u043d\u0433 \u0441\u045e\u043d\u0433\u0433\u0438 \u0442\u0443\u0440\u043a\u0443\u043c \u0438\u0448\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0434\u0430\u043d \u0431\u0438\u0440\u0438 \u201c\u0420\u0443\u0434\u0430-\u043f\u0435\u0442\u0440\u043e\u0433\u0440\u0430\u0444\u0438\u044f\n\u043f\u0440\u043e\u0432\u0438\u043d\u0446\u0438\u044f\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438 \u0432\u0430 \u0443\u043b\u0430\u0440\u043d\u0438 \u0442\u0430\u0432\u0441\u0438\u0444\u043b\u0430\u0448 \u043c\u0430\u0441\u0430\u043b\u0430\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u201d (1961) \u0431\u045e\u043b\u0434\u0438. \u0416\u0430<\/span>\u04b3<\/span>\u043e\u043d\u0434\u0430\u0433\u0438 \u0431\u0430\u0440\u0447\u0430 \u0439\u0438\u0440\u0438\u043a \u0440\u0443\u0434\u0430 \u043a\u043e\u043d\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\n\u0448\u0430\u043a\u043b\u043b\u0430\u043d\u0438\u0448  <\/span>\u0445\u0443\u0441\u0443\u0441\u0438\u044f\u0442\u043b\u0430\u0440\u0438\u0433\u0430 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